Eucalyptus Forests

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Eucalyptus Forests

 

forests of various species of eucalyptus. Eucalyptus forests are common in Australia and, to a lesser extent, in Tasmania and Indonesia. Because of the vertical arrangement of eucalyptus leaves, a significant amount of light penetrates the forest canopy, and a well-expressed grass stratum and, often, a brush stratum form.

Eucalyptus forests are most widespread in regions having a subtropical climate with atmospheric precipitation occurring in the winter. The height and density of the stand diminish as the climate becomes more arid. In the more humid regions of southwestern Australia, where atmospheric precipitation is more than 1,250 mm a year, there are forests of Eucalyptus diversicolor. The open stands have an average canopy height of 60–75 m. In the drier eastern regions, where precipitation totals 625–1,250 mm a year, low eucalyptus forests of Eucalyptus marginata, averaging 15–20 m in height, occur. Fully developed brush and grass strata predominate, and insectivorous plants are characteristic. In the center of the continent, where atmospheric precipitation is 500–625 mm, there are open woodlands of Eucalyptus nedunca spp. wando. In arid regions low eucalyptus savannas, called mollees, occur.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Having wallowed for two hours through the deep sand of the eucalyptus forest, he fell exhausted against the penthouse door.
However, there may be more subtle aspects of these oils that totally modify the ecology of these ecosystems and make the Australian eucalyptus forests really very unusual.
But they're still cutting the eucalyptus forests. And that's a big problem.
Once shunned by evolutionary biologists, the idea may be one of the best ways to understand how cooperative social spiders have evolved, says Theo Evans of the University of Melbourne in Parkville, Australia, who studies social spiders in eucalyptus forests.
As an arboreal species, the koala occurs mainly in the eucalyptus forests and woodlands.
The koala is found in the eucalyptus forests of eastern Australia.
From the eucalyptus forests of Western Australia comes an unusual evergreen perennial called kangarro paw.
Given this level of forestry productivity and projections for the pulp mill, Veracel will demand around 70,000 hectares of its own eucalyptus forests and 23,000 hectares of partner plantations, for a total of 93,000 hectares.
The vast majority of the world's parrots inhabit tropical lowland forests in the Amazon region of Brazil, the monsoon forests of Indonesia, the mist-wreathed cloud forests of the high Andes in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, and the temperate eucalyptus forests of Australia.
It originates from the much warmer eucalyptus forests of south-east Australia where it basks in warmth, shelter and half-shade.