Eugen Bleuler


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Bleuler, Eugen

 

Born Apr. 30, 1857, in Zollikon, near Zürich; died there on July 15, 1939. Swiss psychiatrist and psychologist; professor at the University of Zürich from 1898 to 1927.

In his psychological research, following S. Freud and developing depth psychology, Bleuler used psychoanalytic methods to study the sphere of the unconscious. He also studied the “ambivalence of feelings,” a term that he introduced. (In addition, he introduced the terms “autism” and “schizophrenia,” which is also called Bleuler’s disease.) Bleuler studied the autistic thought process and schizophrenia. In collaboration with the Swiss psychologist C. G. Jung, Bleuler introduced the concepts of the affective complex and associative experiment into psychopathology. According to Bleuler, all living acts (so-called psychoids) have three basic characteristics: integrative ability, memory function, and expedient character.

WORKS

Naturgeschichte der Seele und ihres Bewusstwerdens, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1932.
Die Psychoide als Prinzip der organischen Entwicklung. Berlin, 1925.
Affektivität, Suggestibilität, Paranoia, 2nd ed. Halle, 1926.
Mechanismus—Vitalismus—Mnemismus. Berlin, 1931.
In Russian translation:
Rukovodstvo po psikhiatrii. Berlin, 1920.

REFERENCES

Kannabikh, Iu. V. Istoriia psikhiatrii. [Moscow], 1929.
References in periodicals archive ?
When I first heard Eugen Bleuler's lectures, he was close to retirement.
Gradually, however, Eugen Bleuler gained the upper hand over Hess in my thoughts and aspirations.
In 1911, the psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler invented the term schizophrenia from Greek "schizo" meaning "split," and "phrenia" meaning "mind" to convey the split between perception and reality.
Collaboration between Eugen Bleuler and Sigmund Freud and their followers created this union.
He then attended lectures by the pioneer French psychologist Pierre Janet in Paris and became an assistant at the Burgholzli Clinic under Eugen Bleuler, head of the Zurich school of depth psychology.
(Had they ever heard of the work of Eugen Bleuler?)
The upsurge in interest in cognitive manifestations of schizophrenia that has been evident in recent decades represents a return to the original characterizations of the disorder by Emil Kraepelin and Eugen Bleuler, who considered disorganized thinking and associative deficits to be its core features, rather than delusions and hallucinations.