Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-Le-Duc

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Viollet-Le-Duc, Eugène Emmanuel


Born Jan. 27, 1814, in Paris; died Sept. 17, 1879, in Lausanne, Switzerland. French architect, historian and theoretician of architecture.

Viollet-le-Duc restored a number of French Gothic cathedrals (including the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, beginning in 1845, with J. B. Lassus), the Carcassonne fortifications, the Chateau de Pierrefonds, and other structures. In his historical and theoretical works (Interpretative Dictionary of French Architecture, 10 vols., 1854-68; Conversations About Architecture, 2 vols., 1858-72, Russian translation, 1937-38; and Russian Art, 1877, Russian translation, 1879), he strove to reveal the general laws governing architecture (the conditionality of forms by construction), the uniqueness of its national schools, the nature of medieval art, and the constructive achievements of Gothic architecture, the study of which stimulated the development of framework structure.


Gout, P. Viollet-le-Duc. Paris, 1914.
References in periodicals archive ?
A cette epoque, la notion de patrimoine, "mot et chose [much less than] modernes [much greater than] pour reprendre les paroles du celebre architecte-restaurateur francais Eugene Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc (1), demeure centree sur la restauration des monuments historiques.
Eugene Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc, [much less than] Restauration [much greater than], in Dictionnaire raisonne de l'archrtecture frangaise du XI[o] au XVI[e] siecle, 9 tomes (Paris: Libraries-imprimeries reunies, 1860), tome 8: 14.