Eugene Ionesco

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ionesco, Eugene


Born Nov. 26, 1912, in Slatina, Rumania. French playwright. One of the founders of the modern theater of the absurd. Member of the French Academy (1970). Rumanian by origin. Resident of France since 1938.

In his early grotesque farces and allegories that parodied the alogism of language clichés and the automatism of stereotyped philistine thinking, Ionesco turned typical everyday situations inside out and gave them a buffoon-like incongruous cast (The Bald Soprano, staged 1950, published 1953; The Chairs, staged 1952, published 1954; and Amédéé, or How to Get Rid of It, staged and published 1954).

In his later parable plays, Ionesco tried to switch from criticism of insipid language and conformist consciousness to criticism of bureaucratic totalitarianism and fascist degradation of the bourgeois philistine. However, the social evil with which the individualist-loner clashed acquired a metaphysical aspect in Ionesco’s works (The Killer, staged and published 1958; Rhinoceros, published 1959; and A Stroll in the Air, staged and published 1963, Russian translation 1967). Exit the King (published 1963) interwove tragic variations of death motifs with a satire on dictatorship in general.

In later plays, the reality that formerly had been satirized was replaced by capricious phantasmagoria. Ionesco’s confusion and gloom deepened, reducing the playwright to a reiteration of decadent themes (Thirst and Hunger, staged and published 1966, and Macbett, an adaptation of Shakespeare’s play, 1972). His publicistic works became limited to bitter carping on the way the world is organized and to hysterical attacks against the socialist camp.


Théâtre, [vols.] 1–4. Paris [1954–66].
La Photo du colonel. Paris, 1962.
Notes et contre-notes. Paris, 1966.
In Russian translation:
Nosorog. Postscript by N. Naumov. Inostrannaia Literatura, 1965, no. 9.
Gnev. In Iskusstvo kino, 1966, no. 9.
Khameleon pastukha. In Voprosy Hteratury, 1969, no. 8.


Boiadzhiev, G. Teatral’nyi Parizh segodnia. [Moscow] 1960.
Mikheeva, A. Kogda po stsene khodiat nosorogi… Teatr absurda E Ionesko. Moscow, 1967.
Proskurnikova, T. B. Frantsuzskaia antidrama (50–60-e gody). Moscow, 1968.
Benmussa, S. Eugène Ionesco. Paris, 1966.
Donnard, J. H. Ionesco dramaturge ou Tartisan et le démon. Paris, 1966.
Serreau, G. Histoire du “nouveau théâtre.” Paris, 1966.
Théâtre français d’aujourd’hui, [vols.] 1–2 (Compilation, introductory article, and biographical data on writers by L. Zonina.) [Moscow] 1969.
Revzina, O. G., and I. I. Revzin. “Semioticheskii eksperiment na stsene.” Uch. zap. Tartuskogo un-ta, 1971, issue 5.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Anche se l'opera teatrale del grande drammaturgo Eugene Ionesco e tempestivamente disponibile in traduzione italiana, Teatro I, edito nel 1961 dalla Casa Editrice torinese, Einaudi, le traduzioni e la critica sulla sua opera, in Italia, sono poche e tardive, in confronto alla fama di cui gia godeva l'autore in Francia e in molti altri paesi.
Carson was driven by some "memory of paradise," as playwright Eugene Ionesco put it.
Platt, John Frost, Weinstein Co./Norton Herrick, Michael Edwards & Carole Winter, Daniel Sparrow/Mike Walsh, Shubert Organization presentation, bused on a production originally commissioned and produced by Company B and Malthouse Melbourne, of a play in two acts Eugene Ionesco, adapted by Nell Armfield and Geoffrey Rush.
Washington, Jan 14 (ANI): Aussie actor Geoffrey Rush is all set to make his Broadway debut opposite fellow Oscar winner Susan Sarandon in Eugene Ionesco's 'Exit The King'.
After an impressive review of theoretical literature on the nature of the absurd and a quick look at elements of Shakespeare and the more obvious Sterne and Swift for antecedents to the twentieth-century absurd, Part II moves rapidly through an overview of Fernando Pessoa, Antonin Artaud, Albert Camus, Eugene Ionesco, Harold Pinter, and the OBERIU.
HERE are two superb productions-but their inanities left me wondering whether Eugene Ionesco, who wrote both plays, was simply laughing at his audience.
Running in repertoire is a Eugene Ionesco double bill of The Lesson and The Bald Prima Donna, which opens on Monday, directed by Colin Simmonds and Kelly Manteli respectively.
This phenomenon could be widely seen among authors of many nations, especially those from Lebanon, Algeria, Ireland, and Morocco, from Katib Yassin to the Irish author Samuel Beckett, Romanian Eugene Ionesco, and Czech Milan Kundera.
Chapter five and six scrutinize Eugene Ionesco's Rhinoceros and The Chairs, and Harold Pinter's The Birthday Party and Ashes to Ashes.
Perhaps Eugene Ionesco has probed as deeply as any playwright the conflict between being and non-being in a number of its manifestations.
Prvni manifest pro paradoxism byly vydavany v Smarandache ma 1983 francouzske knihy "Le sens du nonsmysl" (smysl pro non-smysl), vydani Artistiques, Fes, Maroko, ktery byl ocenen Eugene Ionesco.