Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-Le-Duc

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Viollet-Le-Duc, Eugène Emmanuel

 

Born Jan. 27, 1814, in Paris; died Sept. 17, 1879, in Lausanne, Switzerland. French architect, historian and theoretician of architecture.

Viollet-le-Duc restored a number of French Gothic cathedrals (including the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, beginning in 1845, with J. B. Lassus), the Carcassonne fortifications, the Chateau de Pierrefonds, and other structures. In his historical and theoretical works (Interpretative Dictionary of French Architecture, 10 vols., 1854-68; Conversations About Architecture, 2 vols., 1858-72, Russian translation, 1937-38; and Russian Art, 1877, Russian translation, 1879), he strove to reveal the general laws governing architecture (the conditionality of forms by construction), the uniqueness of its national schools, the nature of medieval art, and the constructive achievements of Gothic architecture, the study of which stimulated the development of framework structure.

REFERENCE

Gout, P. Viollet-le-Duc. Paris, 1914.
References in periodicals archive ?
From the 1850s the cit was restored under an ambitious project lead by one architect, Eugene Viollet-le-Duc, and it now resembles a fairytale castle with conical turrets and dramatic gateways.
The rescuers won, and in 1844 France's famous architect and great restorer, Eugene Viollet-le-Duc (1814-79).
The School of Science and Art was later known as the Bromsgrove Institute and the tile was copied from a sculpture at the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris by French architect Eugene Viollet-le-Duc.
From the 1850s the cite was restored under an ambitious project lead by one architect, Eugene Viollet-le-Duc, and it now resembles a fairy-tale castle with conical turrets and dramatic gateways.