Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-Le-Duc

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Viollet-Le-Duc, Eugène Emmanuel

 

Born Jan. 27, 1814, in Paris; died Sept. 17, 1879, in Lausanne, Switzerland. French architect, historian and theoretician of architecture.

Viollet-le-Duc restored a number of French Gothic cathedrals (including the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, beginning in 1845, with J. B. Lassus), the Carcassonne fortifications, the Chateau de Pierrefonds, and other structures. In his historical and theoretical works (Interpretative Dictionary of French Architecture, 10 vols., 1854-68; Conversations About Architecture, 2 vols., 1858-72, Russian translation, 1937-38; and Russian Art, 1877, Russian translation, 1879), he strove to reveal the general laws governing architecture (the conditionality of forms by construction), the uniqueness of its national schools, the nature of medieval art, and the constructive achievements of Gothic architecture, the study of which stimulated the development of framework structure.

REFERENCE

Gout, P. Viollet-le-Duc. Paris, 1914.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The spire that toppled on Monday was "only" about 150 years old, a legacy of a restoration carried out in the mid-19th Century by the French architect and theorist Eugene Viollet-le-Duc. His spire (300 feet tall, its wood frame sheathed in lead) was once accused of being outlandishly personal and romantically inventive -- unfaithful, in short, to the original design.
The cathedral was built over nearly 200 years starting in the middle of the 12th century, although it was only in the mid 1800s that architect Eugene Viollet-le-Duc added the lead-covered spire during restoration work.
In addition to the architect, Eugene Viollet-Le-Duc, there was a key figure who has been forgotten, Henri Georges, a master carpenter.
From the 1850s the city was restored under an ambitious project led by architect, Eugene Viollet-le-Duc, and it now resembles a fairytale castle with conical turrets and dramatic gateways.
From the 1850s the cit was restored under an ambitious project lead by one architect, Eugene Viollet-le-Duc, and it now resembles a fairytale castle with conical turrets and dramatic gateways.
From the 1850s the cite was restored under an ambitious project lead by one architect, Eugene Viollet-le-Duc, and it now resembles a fairy-tale castle with conical turrets and dramatic gateways.
The rescuers won, and in 1844 France's famous architect and great restorer, Eugene Viollet-le-Duc (1814-79).
The School of Science and Art was later known as the Bromsgrove Institute and the tile was copied from a sculpture at the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris by French architect Eugene Viollet-le-Duc.