Nicola Abbagnano (1901-1990), the leading representative of secular or humanistic Italian Existentialism; Enrico Castelli (1900-1977), a prominent Catholic existentialist and cultural promoter; Eugenio Garin
(1909-2004), Italy's leading historian of Italian Renaissance and twentieth-century philosophy; and Ernesto Grassi (1902-1991), a onetime student of Heidegger and international spokesperson for the studia humanitatis, were all to some degree existentialists, Vichians, historians of philosophy, and invested in the philosophical merits of the Italian Renaissance--Quattrocento Humanism in particular.
In Valcke's view, later interpretations, like those of Ernst Cassirer and Eugenio Garin
, have followed Burckhardt's footsteps in presenting Giovanni Pico as the prototype for the Quattrocento humanist, and his Oration on the Dignity of Man--with its Promethean vision of man as master of his own destiny--as the manifesto of Renaissance humanism.
, Ernesto Grassi, Giuseppe Mazzotta, Nicoletta Tirinnanzi) e sulla sua natura sessuata (e.
Chapter two turns to the two historians who were the first to recognize the range and philosophical depth of that "lost Latin literature": Eugenio Garin
and Paul Oskar Kristeller.
He reviews, summarizes and refutes the body of work on scholarship on education, including the work of Eugenio Garin
, Paul Grendler, Anthony Grafton, Lisa Jardine and Robert Black.
By treating both of the philosophers together, the volume appears to follow the prescription laid down by Eugenio Garin
, the dean of Giovanni Pico scholarship, who counseled against isolating the work of the two Picos.
Si passa poi all'analisi di quella che secondo Eugenio Garin
costituisce la vera differenza dell'atteggiamento degli umanisti: il nuovo senso storico e il rapporto con gli antichi.
It is altogether appropriate that this volume is dedicated to the memory of Eugenio Garin
, who died when it was sous presse.
These were the scholars who brought Bruno into the mainstream of a new conception of the Renaissanc e as deeply imbued with magical and hermetical strands of thought: the Renaissance developed in the second half of the twentieth century above all by Eugenio Garin
, to whom this volume is affectionately dedicated.
The work begins with an historiographical chapter in which Black reviews negatively most previous scholars in the field beginning with Giuseppe Manacorda and Remigio Sabbadini, seen as representatives of the positivist tradition, followed by Eugenio Garin
(who receives considerable criticism as part of the Idealist tradition and as a follower of Giovanni Gentile and Benedetto Croce), Paul Grendler (criticized for being a follower of Garin -- might surprise Garin -- and for seeing a "curriculum revolution" occurring in Latin education in the Renaissance), Anthony Grafton and Lisa Jardine (less criticized because of their anti-humanist arguments), and Paul Gehl, who earlier studied some of the same manuscript material, but whose work has "technical and interpretative problems" (3, n.
Griggio's excellent edition follows the well-developed editorial principles which have long guided the series Carteggi umanistici, sponsored by the Istituto nazionale di studi sul Rinascimento under the general editorship of Eugenio Garin
Javitch is influenced by Gray and Kristeller on the rhetorical aspirations of the humanists; on the shift from civic to courtly values in the sixteenth-century he is influenced by Eugenio Garin
, L'educazione in Europe 1400-1600 (Bari, 1966).