Eugenio Montale


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Montale, Eugenio

 

Born Oct. 12, 1896, in Genoa. Italian poet and representative of the hermetic movement.

Montale’s lyric poetry of the 1920’s and 1930’s, including the collections Cuttlefish Bones (1925) and The Occasions (1939), expresses the precarious nature of existence and the inner loneliness of man. During World War II and the period of the Italian resistance movement, his lyrical diary reflected a protest against the inhumanity of fascism, for example, his poem “Hitlerite Spring” (1943). In his postwar poetry, Montale sought to find a way out of pessimism toward greater mutual understanding, as in his collection The Whirlwind and More (1956). In the collection Satura (1972), the lyrical internal monologue is very topical and humanistic themes are combined with social irony. Montale was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1975.

WORKS

La casa dei doganieri ed altri versi. Florence, 1932.
Diario del ’71 e del ’72. Milan, 1973.
In Russian translation:
Ital’ianskaia lirika: XX vek. Moscow, 1968.
“Iz knigi ‘Satura’.” Inostrannaia literatura, 1973, no. 1.

REFERENCES

Manacorda, G. Montale. Florence, 1969 (Contains bibliography.)
Nascimbeni, G. Montale, 2nd ed. Milan, 1969.
Carpi, U. Montale dopo il fascismo dalla “Bufera” a “Satura.” Padua, 1971.

Z. M. POTAPOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
(24) Eugenio Montale, "Ultimo addio," in La Fiera Letteraria, a.IV, n.39, Rome, September 23, 1938: 1; reprinted in Montale--Svevo 1966:119-124 and Svevo--Montale 1976: 94-98; now in Montale SM.P 1996: 329-334.
I started by chance, while reading the translations of Montale done by different people in the volume Selected Poems of Eugenio Montale edited by Glauco Cambon.
Concordanza del 'Diario postumo' di Eugenio Montale, Facsimile dei manoscritti, Testo, Concordanza.
Un altro grande merito del libro sta nell'esaminare approfonditamente i motivi che hanno condotto alla peculiarita del modernismo italiano: un aspetto questo che negli anni '90 era stato notato in alcuni studi come quello di Giovanni Cianci sul modernismo nel mondo anglofono nel volume edito da lui Modernismo / Modernismi (1991) e pio di recente in alcune analisi comparate sul modernismo, inclusa la mia Modernist Forms of Rejuvenation: Eugenio Montale and T.S.
In "Eugenio Montale and Vittorio Sereni: From Gli strumenti umani to Satura," Butcher identifies an intertextual flux that moves first from Montale to Sereni and then in the reverse direction--a clear indication of how many of the preoccupations of the era were shared by these two otherwise in many ways very different poets.
Like Eugenio Montale, many scholars had perhaps always suspected that the man himself was the one unchanging fiction in an otherwise contradictory progettualita and baffling causality.
How can the correspondence between Eugenio Montale, to all intents and purposes Italy's greatest modern poet, and Gianfranco Contini, an eminent and influential Italian philologist and critic, whatever its value as a literary and historical document, turn out to be so dull?
Eugenio Montale, for one, acknowledged a debt to D'Annunzio, and took from him the enigmatic title of his most often-quoted volume of poems, Ossi di seppia.
Further confirmation - as if any were required - of Italian poetry's international stature followed five years later when the Swedish Academy awarded the 1975 Nobel Prize in Literature to Ungaretti's countryman and near-coeval Eugenio Montale, an equally towering figure though so markedly different in style and sensibility from "Ungar."
Also in this portion of his book, Banchini quotes and discusses judgments of a more comprehensive sort made about Bilenchi's work by such critics as Giacomo Debenedetti in 1946 (180), Luigi Baldacci in 1959 (198), Eugenio Montale in the same year (200), Riccardo Scrivano in 1958 (214), and Ferdinando Virdia (224-27), who in 1963 contributed the first extended treatment of Bilenchi's work in a monographic article on him for the Marzorati series I contemporanei (Letteratura italiana.
Upon receiving the news that the Swedish Academy had assigned the 1975 Nobel Prize to lama, Eugenio Montale was unable to say something memorable.
David Michael Hertz, Eugenio Montale, the Fascist Storm, and the Jewish Sunflower, University of Toronto Press: Toronto, 2013; 404 pp.: 9781442645387, US$80.00 (HBK)