Eugenol


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eugenol

[′yü·jə‚nȯl]
(organic chemistry)
CH2CHCH2C6H3(OCH3)OH A colorless or yellowish aromatic liquid with spicy odor and taste, soluble in organic solvents, and extracted from clove oil; used in flavors, perfumes, medicines, and the manufacture of vanilla.

Eugenol

 

(also 4-allyl-2-methoxyphenol), a yellowish liquid having the structural formula

Eugenol has the odor of cloves. It is soluble in alcohol and ether and slightly soluble in water. It has a melting point of 10.3°C, a boiling point of 252.7°C, and a density of 1.066 g/cm3 at 20°C. Eugenol is extracted from essential oils, including clove oil, which has a eugenol content of up to 95 percent, and the oil of East Indian basil, which is approximately 70 percent eugenol. It can be synthesized from such compounds as guaiacol.

Eugenol is used as an aromatic substance in the manufacture of perfumes and vanillin.

References in periodicals archive ?
15,16] Since oxidants and free radicals are among the causes of seizures, this study aims to achieve the scientific basis for the traditional use of Eugenol as a compound of clove plant in the treatment of seizures.
In this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate possible molluscicidal and/or relaxing effects of eugenol and the EOs of Origanum majorana, Ocimum americanum, Hesperozygis ringens, and Piper gaudichaudianum on P.
Euglossa dilemma Bembe & Eltz, on the other hand, was similar in abundance in eucalyptol and eugenol collections.
In another study conducted in a period of 18 months by Subramaniam and Gilhotra (48), who compared calcium hydroxide-iodoform paste, zinc-oxide eugenol and calcium hydroxide-iodoform-zinc oxide eugenol, it was found that calcium hydroxide-iodoform paste demonstrated a success rate of 100%, while calcium hydroxide-iodoform-zinc oxide eugenol paste and zinc oxide eugenol had a success rate of 93.
Zinc oxide eugenol was used to fill pulp chamber and tooth was restored with glass ionomer cement.
Eugenol is a phenylpropanoid and is one of the main compounds of clove (85%) and cinnamon oils (Davidson and Naidu, 2000).
In this context, anesthetic drugs such as menthol, eugenol and benzocaine have been frequently used to reduce the stress caused by agitation of fish during transport (Park et al.
In this regard, the eugenol (4-allyl-2-methoxyphenol; EUG), a biologically active phenolic component of Syzigium aromaticum (the clove) has been traditionally used in Asian countries as a popular medicine, mainly as antiseptic, analgesic and antibacterial agent (Carrasco et al.
aromaticum allowed the characterization of four components, with identification above 99%, among which eugenol was identified as the major component at the concentration of 62.