Euhemerus


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Euhemerus

(yo͞ohĕm`ərəs), fl. c.300 B.C., Cyrenaic philosopher, b. Sicily. He is famous for a theory of mythology embodied in his philosophical romance, Sacred History, a work of which only fragments remain. Euhemerus' theory, called after him euhemerism, was that the gods originated from the elaboration of traditions of distinguished historical persons. His theory was consistent with the attempts of his period to explain religious beliefs in terms of naturalism.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although he includes Ennius' minor works (worthwhile, as they have received no commentary since Vahlen), he subtracts the fragments of Euhemerus because they are probably prose (but still have no new commentary, although they need it), just as he omits the fragments of Accius' Didascalica, which, prose or not - and who can tell?
A theory held by the 4th-century-BC Greek mythographer Euhemerus that the gods of mythology were but deified mortals.
54) Euhemerus located his Utopia, the Sacred Isles (modelled on Homer's Phaeacia) well beyond South Arabia and near to Ocean.
Only fragments remain of the writings of Euhemerus (c.
It is thought Euhemerus was born at Messina, though some claim he was born at Chios, Tegea, or Messene in the Peloponnesus.
as he proceeds to demonstrate, the persistence of such controversy - over Odysseus' account of his wanderings, for instance, or the logs of Pytheas and Euhemerus - had in fact encouraged several authors to claim attention for their prose fiction by adopting the format of the explorer's tale.
Finally, there are seven appendices dealing with (I) the cult of the heroes in the Supplicatio, (II) the role of Orpheus in apologetic literature, (III) Euhemerus, (IV) the relationship between Athenagoras and Origen, (V) Galen's theory of digestion, (VI) bipartition and tripartition of the human body and (VII) the quotations from Scripture and their sources.
Myths are also preserved in the Homeric hymns and in fragments of epic poems on the Trojan War; in lyric poems, especially those composed by Pindar; in the works of the tragedians of the 5th century BC, Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides; in writings of scholars and poets of the Hellenistic Age (330-23 BC), such as Callimachus, Euhemerus, and Apollonius of Rhodes; and in writers of the time of the Roman Empire, for example, Ovid, Plutarch, and Pausanias.