416), but the sellers had made a choice of preferred market, even if they are open to taking the sort of windfall which seducing a fellow Phoenician woman gave, at the price presumably of never returning, to the merchants who ended up running off with Eumaios
Indeed, he asserts she has already ascertained his identity even earlier, in book 17, on the basis of her discussion with Telemakhos and Eumaios (18: "This is the moment Penelope suspects her husband is back"), and that in book 18, when she appears before the suitors, she is fully aware of Odysseus' presence, seeing through his beggar guise (on 18.
This applies to seemingly all human characters in the poem, including very astute individuals such as Eumaios, who remains in extremely close contact with the disguised Odysseus for days, speaks at length, shares meals with him, but is unable to recognize him until Odysseus discloses his identity to him, proving it with a token (21.
Odysseus has recognition scenes not only with Telemakhos, but with his hound Argos, with Eurykleia, and with the retainers Eumaios and Philoitios, all before the destruction of the suitors.
The Odyssey suggests three different tempos of recognition: immediate (Argos), delayed (recognition occurs, but later in the same scene: Telemakhos, Eurykleia, Laertes), and postponed (recognition does not occur until a later scene: Eumaios, Penelope).
Eumaios quickly establishes himself as a moral man through the protection and hospitality he offers the stranger before him.
A simile compares Eumaios to a father who, having undergone hardships in distant lands for ten years, now reunites with his son.
205-25, Odysseus had readily convinced Eumaios and Philoitios of his real identity, underneath the rags he is wearing, and at 22.
The others who were involved in the slaughter of the Suitors (Telemachos, Eumaios, and Philoitios) have already (22.
440-45) Telemachos, along with Eumaios and Philoitios, to see to the slaughter of the faithless maids, one could say that that he is merely following what Penelope had already suggested concerning one of them, Melantho.