Eumenes II

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Eumenes II,

fl. 2d cent. B.C., son of Attalus I, king of PergamumPergamum
, ancient city of NW Asia Minor, in Mysia (modern Turkey), in the fertile valley of the Caicus. It became important c.300 B.C., after the breakup of the Macedonian empire, when a Greek family (the Attalids) established a brilliant center of Hellenistic civilization.
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 (197–159 B.C.). He managed to expand the wealth and prestige of his state by maintaining an allegiance with Rome for much of his reign. For his assistance in the Roman victory over Antiochus IIIAntiochus III
(Antiochus the Great), d. 187 B.C., king of Syria (223–187 B.C.), son of Seleucus II and younger brother of Seleucus III, whom he succeeded. At his accession the Seleucid empire was in decline.
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 of Syria, he received all of Antiochus's possessions as far as Taurus. He fell out of favor, however, during the Roman war with Macedon, because he was suspected of plotting with the enemy. Only his death prevented a war between Pergamum and Rome. A vigorous ruler and an adept politician, Eumenes II helped make Pergamum an important cultural center, which included a library that was second only to that of Alexandria.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Quatro tipos de participacao sao atestadas: a recepcao de embaixadas que convidavam para o festival (como a enviada a Ptolomeu VI, para os Jogos de 170/9 a.C.); a participacao como financiadores e organizadores (como Ariarates V da Capadocia, agonoteta em 138/7 a.C.); a recepcao de homenagens como a aclamacao ou a concessao de coroas douradas (como Farnaces e Nisa do Ponto, em 194/3 a.C.); a participacao como competidores nas diversas modalidades hipicas (como Ptolomeu V e Ptolomeu IV em 182/1 a.C.; os quatro irmaos atalidas Atalo II, Eumenes II, Filetairo e Atenaios em 178/7 a.C.; Eumenes II e Atalo II em 170/169 a.C.; Cleopatra II, Ptolomeu VI e Eumenes II em 162/1 a.C.; Mastanabal, principe da Masinissa, e Ptolomeu VI em 158/7 a.C.; e Alexandre Balas da Siria em 150/9 ou 146/5 a.C.).
O fato de as tecnicas construtivas e da ornamentacao dos perfis serem dataveis da epoca tardo-helenistica fez com que Dinsmoor sugerisse que a inscricao originaria dedicava o monumento aos reis atalidas e a Eumenes II em particular.
He denounced the Romans for their pursuit of a Roman advantage (to sympheron) instead of justice (to dikaion), examples of which regard the king Eumenes II, the Achaean politician Callicrates and his opponents, Demetrius I, Ptolemy VI and his brother and rival Ptolemy VIII.
Sotades of Maroneia[63] was imprisoned and executed for satirizing Ptolemy Philadelphius and his sister Arsinoe, on the occasion of their marriage.[64] And Aristophanes[65] was arrested and imprisoned when it was learned that he planned to leave the Mouseion for the court of a rival king, Eumenes II.[66] In a very real sense, the Mouseion was a royal academy.
by Eumenes II, King of Pergamum (197 B.C.-159 B.C.), Hierapolis was given over to Rome in 133 B.C.
By this account, every altar, brazier, and incense burner is a descendant of Ara, and at Pergamon, on the Aegean coast of what is now Turkey, the Attalid king Eumenes II recalled the purpose of the gods' altar in the monumental altar he built to commemorate military victories against Pergamon's barbarian adversaries.
About 170 BC he went to Rome as ambassador of Eumenes II, king of Pergamum; the lectures that he delivered there gave the first impulse to the study of grammar and criticism among the Romans.
So when the small Hellenistic kingdom of Pergamum in western Asia Minor, under Eumenes II, who ruled from 197 to somewhere around 160 B.C., wished to build a library that would rival the one at Alexandria, naturally the Ptolemies would not cooperate by shipping the necessary papyrus.