mycetoma

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mycetoma

[‚mī·sə′tō·mə]
(medicine)
A chronic fungus or bacterial infection, usually of the feet, resulting in swelling. Also known as madura foot; maduromycosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Figure 4A & B) Gram staining was performed to distinguish between actinomycetoma and eumycetoma which showed gram negative septate hyphae.
The skin lesion typically presents with multiple purulent discharging sinuses, which are often confused with the eumycetoma or actinomycosis.
Most probably transmitted through pricks to the skin by walking barefoot, eumycetoma is a chronic condition that affects people in tropical and subtropical regions, in particular across Africa, with the highest burden found in Sudan.
Eumycetoma is more common in areas where the average rainfall is scarce, while actinomycetoma tends to appear in areas with abundant rainfall.
Actinomycetoma is amenable to medical treatment by antibiotics and antimicrobial agent combinations, while combined medical and surgical treatment is the gold standard in eumycetoma.
It is the most common cause of eumycetoma in the United States.
When the causative agent for Mycetoma is a fungus, it is termed as Eumycetoma and when it is caused by filamentous bacteria, it is termed as Actinomycetoma.
1] Pinoy, in 1913, subdivided the mycetomas into two groups: one caused by Eumycetes or "true fungi", Eumycetoma and other by aerobic filamentous bacteria belonging to class "Actinomycetes" named Actinomycetoma.
Mycetoma caused by microaerophilic actinomycetes is termed actinomycetoma, and mycetoma caused by true fungi is called eumycetoma.