Euphrasia


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eyebright

eyebright

White flowers have purple lines, tiny leaves with bristles. Contains a bioflavonoid that strengthens the blood vessels in the back of the eye. Good for itchy, watery eyes, hay fever. Also used for coughs, congestion, sinus infections, sore throat, ear aches and headaches. The whole plant is edible. Test small amounts first.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Euphrasia

 

(eyebright), a genus of plants of the family Scrophulariaceae. The plants are annual and, less commonly, perennial hemiparasitic grasses. The leaves are opposite, sessile, and serrate or toothed. The small flowers have two-lipped corollas and are white, lilac, or purple. They are borne singly in the axils of the bracts, forming long spicate inflorescences. The fruit is a capsule.

There are approximately 200 species of eyebright. They are commonly polymorphic. The plants are distributed throughout the northern hemisphere, as well as in the mountains of the Malay Archipelago, in Australia, and in the temperate zone of South America. About 60 species are found throughout the USSR, growing in meadows, pastures, open fields, and thickets. The most common species is E. stricta, which, like many other species of Euphrasia, parasitizes grains. It sometimes reduces meadow harvests significantly.

REFERENCE

Flora SSSR, vol. 22. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Euphrasia ran some way below her best on her return in last month's Park Express Stakes at the Curragh.
Onagraceae Chamerion angustifolium (L.) Flolub Chamerion latifolium (L.) Flolub Orobanchaceae Euphrasia frigida Pugsley Palmariaceae Palmariapalmata (L.) Weber & Mohr (3) Papaveraceae Papaver radicalum auct.
Like Euphrasia, Nat mur is commonly used in the treatment of hay fever, but has a significant role to play in sinusitis.
Uwchben roedd cri'r gwylanod a dan draed roedd tresgl y moch, yr effros (eyebright; euphrasia) a melog y cwen (lousewort; pedicularis sylvatica) yn creu carped lliwgar ac roedd swn y tonnau'n llepian yn ddistaw ar y creigiau.
Despite his youth, he was already gaining notoriety for his talent as a draughtsman, and he produced two drawings of Siddons in the currently popular roles of Zara in Congreve's The Mourning Bride and Euphrasia in Arthur Murphy's The Grecian Daughter, which were subsequently engraved.
(17) In The Progress Reeve adopts the form of a Socratic dialogue between two female protagonists, Sophronia and Euphrasia, and a male protagonist Hortensius.
These somber leanings are countered throughout the book by references to "eyebright," a flower properly known as euphrasia and traditionally used as a healing herb.
Although Eyebright (Euphrasia spp.) is widely recommended as an herbal eye treatment, and although it is astringent and has antibacterial properties, there is no scientific evidence showing that eyebright is effective against conjunctivitis or any other eye disease, and Germany's Commission E (an agency that documents the effectiveness of herbal preparations and approves or disapproves their use) recommends against using it.
They are Kelly Madore, Nancy Mungai, Florence Oppong, Kathy Sherman, Linda Ward and Euphrasia Wright.
On March 7,1897, while visiting Washington for the inauguration of President William McKinley, Sister Susan McGroarty, the leader of the order's educational work in America, climbed into a carriage with Sister Mary Euphrasia, head of the order's convent at North Capitol and K Streets, and drove north to the suburban towns of Brookland and Eckington.
Aside from goldenseal, other common herbs in the Australasian herbalist's pharmacopeia which are currently listed as 'at risk' by the UPS (United Plant Savers, an American organisation which has compiled extensive data on the sustainable use of medicinal plants) including black cohosh (Actaea racemosa, Cimicifuga racemosa), eyebright (Euphrasia spp), goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis), Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng), wild yam (Dioscorea villosa), and even the immensely popular echinacea (Ecinacea purpurea and spp) (UPS 2008).
Shires examines letters which the poet wrote to Euphrasia Fanny Haworth between 1837 and 1842, detecting in them a hybrid of the lyrical and the dramatic that also characterizes his poetry.