The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(official name: the Association of the African and Malagasy States with the European Economic Community), a political and economic association of African countries and Madagascar with the European Economic Community (EEC).

Eurafrica was created upon the initiative of the countries of the EEC (Common Market) as part of their neocolonialist policy in the economically backward countries. The initial convention on the automatic inclusion of the African colonies and trust territories of France and Belgium in the EEC system was signed simultaneously with the Treaty of Rome, which proclaimed the creation of the EEC in March 1957 for a period of five years, until Dec. 31, 1962. By the end of this period almost all the French colonies and all the Belgian colonies had become independent states. In negotiating a new agreement on the association, they demanded specific economic concessions from the EEC members, particularly guarantees for the marketing of their exports. The First Yaoundé Convention was signed in 1963 and the Second Yaoundé Convention of Association in 1969, for the 1970–75 period. The association includes 18 African states: Burundi, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the People’s Republic of the Congo, Dahomey, Gabon, the Ivory Coast, the Malagasy Republic, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Ruanda, Senegal, Somalia, Togo, Upper Volta, and the Republic of Zaire. Officially it is claimed that the convention will promote the economic and social development of the African partners. But its actual aim is their economic and political subjugation, in particular through the abolition of customs and quantitative restrictions on the import of goods from the EEC members to Africa, as well as the elimination of obstacles to the free flow of capital from Europe into the associated countries and of profits to Europe.

Membership in the association restricts the African countries’ national sovereignty in foreign trade and in domestic economic policy. The associated states must take the interests of the EEC members into account and consult with them in setting customs duties and quotas on goods imported from third countries. The associated countries do not partici-pate in the distribution of resources within the European Development Fund (EDF). These questions are the exclusive prerogative of an EEC commission that is composed only of representatives of the European members of the Common Market. Afraid of the development of the state sector in the African countries, the EEC members introduced into the convention a clause prohibiting the use of EDF “aid” in ways that would compete with private capital. The association did not eliminate the contradictions between the African and European partners to the agreement and laid bare the neocolonialist aims of its creation.


Gukasian-Gandzaketsi, L. G. Sushchnost’ “Evrafrikanskogo soobshchestva.” Moscow, 1959.
Kollontai, V., and la. Etinger. “Obshchii rynok” i osvobodivshiesia strany. Moscow, 1963.
Novye formy kolonializma. Moscow, 1963.
Panov,,V. P. Evoliutsiia ekonomicheskikh form kolonializma v epokhu imperializma. Moscow, 1969. Chapter 5.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ideology of Eurafrica, based on two key concepts "complementarity" and "interdependence", appears as a convenient justification for colonialism, and also helps to explain various contractual arrangements between Africa and Europe since independence, notably the Conventions of Yaoundel(1964-9), Yauonde 11 (1969-75), Lomel (1975-89), and Lome11 (1980-85).
Hence, eventually the continental drift will lead to Africa and Europe colliding with each other, resulting in one mega-continent called Eurafrica. And when this happens, most geologists agree that the Mediterranean will close up and become a mountainous region due to the massive land collision.
"Building Eurafrica: reviving colonialism through european integration, 1920-60." In Echoes of Empire: Identity, Memory and Colonial Legacies edited by Kalypso Nicolaidis, Berny Sebe and Gabrielle Maas, 207-24.
Peo Hansen and Stefan Jonsson, Eurafrica: The Untold History of European Integration and Colonialism, Bloomsbury Academic 50 [pounds sterling]
It claims that "a situation in which one or two countries control the world or one in which a handful of countries deliberately cause a confrontation is not suitable and will not be supported by the people of the world." Consequently, "concepts such as 'Chimerica' and 'Eurafrica' all disaccorded with the tide of the era" (Zhong, 2011).
De este modo, el planteamiento geopolitico aleman del mundo quedaba dividido en cuatro panregiones: "Panamerica", dirigida por Estados Unidos; "Eurafrica", con el dominio de Alemania; "Panrusia"--incluida la India--, dirigida por la Union Sovietica; y "Panasia", liderada por Japon.
It offers advanced restoration capabilities and serves as backhaul infrastructure to the existing Eurafrica submarine system - 3,200km connecting France, Morocco and Portugal - and to Sea-Me-We 3.
Twenty two international historians examine their long shared history from various angles from the colonial notion of ' Eurafrica ' between the two wars to the 1975 Lome Convention between the EEC and 70 African, Caribbean and Pacific countries.