Europa


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Europa

(yo͝orō`pə), in astronomy, one of the 39 known moons, or natural satellites, of JupiterJupiter
, in astronomy, 5th planet from the sun and largest planet of the solar system. Astronomical and Physical Characteristics

Jupiter's orbit lies beyond the asteroid belt at a mean distance of 483.6 million mi (778.
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. Magnetic-field data collected by the space probe Galileo in 2002 strongly indicated a liquid-water ocean—similar to oceans found on Earth and possibly capable of supporting simple life forms—beneath Europa's frozen surface, and the Hubble space telescope has found evidence of possible plumes of water being ejected from Europa into space.

Europa

(yo͝orō`pə), in Greek mythology, daughter of AgenorAgenor
, in Greek mythology. 1 King of Tyre, father of Cadmus and Europa. When Europa disappeared, Agenor sent Cadmus and his other sons in search of her. 2 Trojan hero, son of Antenor.
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 and Telephassa. Zeus, enamored of her, appeared as a white bull, enticed her to climb on his back, and swam off with her to Crete. There she bore him MinosMinos
, in Greek mythology, king of Crete, son of Zeus and Europa. He was the husband of Pasiphaë, who bore him Androgeus, Glaucus, Ariadne, and Phaedra. Because Minos failed to sacrifice a beautiful white bull to Poseidon, the god caused Pasiphaë to conceive a lustful
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, RhadamanthusRhadamanthus
, in Greek mythology, son of Zeus and Europa. Renowned for his justice on earth, the gods made him one of the judges of the dead.
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, and SarpedonSarpedon
, in Greek mythology, son of Zeus and Laodamia, who was the daughter of Bellerophon. In the Iliad, as an ally of the Trojans, Sarpedon courageously led the Lycians against the Greeks in the Trojan War.
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. She married the king of Crete, who adopted her sons. After her death she was worshiped as a goddess in the festival of the Hellotia.

Europa

(yoo-roh -pă) The smallest of the four Galilean satellites of Jupiter and the only one inferior in size and mass to the Moon. It has a diameter of 3138 km and its density is 2.97 g cm–3. Its albedo is 0.67. Studied by the two Pioneer spacecraft 10 and 11, by Voyager 2, and in particular depth by the Galileo spacecraft, Europa has been found to be a smooth-surfaced world with no mountains and very few craters – none more than about 20 km in diameter. Its relatively young icy crust (at least 100 km thick) overlies what is thought to be a metallic core and is crisscrossed by a series of streaks and cracks. Most of the cracks appear to be filled with dark-colored material, some with a light-colored substance. The gravitational influence on Europa not only of Jupiter but also of the satellites Io and Ganymede serve to squeeze the satellite, resulting in tidal flexing, which is believed to heat Europa's interior. Tidal flexing may have melted some of the ice crust to form a substantial ocean of liquid water between it and the core. Water from this ocean may seep through cracks produced in the crust and may refreeze at the surface, thereby renewing it or forming icy ridges. It has been suggested that this ocean, if it exists, may provide a possible suitable environment for extraterrestrial microorganisms. The Hubble Space Telescope has revealed that Europa has a vanishingly thin oxygen atmosphere, due not to biological action but to the interaction between charged particles from the Sun and water molecules in the satellite's icy crust. The charged particles break up some of the water molecules, liberating hydrogen, which dissipates into space, and oxygen. See also Jupiter's satellites; Table 2, backmatter.

Europa

 

in ancient Greek mythology, the daughter of the Phoenician King Agenor; she was abducted and carried off to the island of Crete by Zeus, who had turned himself into a bull. The cult of Europa existed in Phoenicia and on Crete. The abduction of Europa is a frequent subject in the pictorial and plastic arts (Titian, Claude Lorraine, Guido Reni, and V. A. Serov).

Europa

[yu̇′rō·pə]
(astronomy)
A satellite of Jupiter with a mean distance from Jupiter of 4.17 × 105 miles (6.71 × 105 kilometers), orbital period of 3.6 days, and diameter of about 1950 miles (3100 kilometers). Also known as Jupiter II.
An asteroid with a diameter of about 183 miles (295 kilometers), mean distance from the sun of 3.09 astronomical units, and C-type surface composition.

Europa

maiden carried off to Crete by Zeus in the form of a white bull. [Gk. Myth.: Benét, 327]

Europa

seduced by Jupiter as bull; raped when he changes back. [Rom. Lit.: Metamorphoses; Gk. Myth.: Hall, 259]
See: Rape

Europa

seduced by Zeus in form of a white bull. [Gk. Myth.: Kravitz, 96]
References in periodicals archive ?
En este contexto, Europa viene a significar "tierra amplia"; la Grecia continental en contraposicion a las islas del Egeo y al Peloponeso (que los mismos helenos consideraban una isla).
Under the terms of the transaction, RGI--a US subsidiary of MEC--will acquire a majority interest in Europa.
Turkey's Galatasaray soccer team is set to face on Thursday Ukraine's Karpaty Lviv in UEFA Europa League play-off round in Lviv.
John Garratt, Editor of IT Europa added: "This will make IT Europa even moreessential reading for companies in IT supply in Europe who will be making criticalinvestment and growth decisions in the coming months, and allow the publication toexpand its coverage of issues around security, datacentres and enterprise software.
Europa se ha dejado llevar por lo contrario a ella misma: "Una guerra civil, dentro de la viva unidad de Europa.
A new Lingu@NET Europa multilingual website has been established, with support from the EU, to help users understand their strengths and weaknesses and find the best ways to learn, free of charge.
The findings for perindopril in EUROPA are so strong one would have to question why this shouldn't be part of the primary therapy," added Dr.
Gonzalez Manjarrez gives a concise biographical sketch of Laguna's religious and political ideas before the publication of the Europa.
Theoretical estimates of the amount of heat produced by the gravitational push and pull exerted on Europa by other Jovian moons indicate that it should be adequate to warm the moon's interior enough to sustain a liquid ocean.
The finding, from instruments on the Galileo spacecraft orbiting Jupiter, suggests that Europa may have all three of the ingredients scientists consider essential for life: an energy source, liquid water and organic molecules, said planetary scientist Thomas B.
Europa has a proven track record across European markets, and benefits from a network of partners, many of whom have worked closely with its Principals for at least 20 years.