European Commission

Also found in: Dictionary, Financial, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to European Commission: European Parliament, European Council, European Union

European Commission

(EC), institution of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
..... Click the link for more information.
 (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the European Community were officially merged; previously, each organization was governed by a separate commission. The commission is composed of 27 members—one from each EU nation. Members are appointed by European Council and serve four-year terms; the commission membership must be approved by the European ParliamentEuropean Parliament,
an institution of the governing body of the European Union (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.
..... Click the link for more information.
. One member serves as president and six serve as vice presidents. A large administrative staff, numbering some 25,000, is divided among many committees and administrative agencies. The commission implements the provisions of the EU's governing treaties and carries out legislation enacted by the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and the European Parliament.

In keeping with the objective of the founding treaties, the commission initiates EU policy on the economy in particular but, increasingly, also on environmental and foreign and security affairs. The legislation it proposes is subject to amendment and approval by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. It was under the presidency of Jacques DelorsDelors, Jacques
(Jacques Lucien Jean Delors) 1925–, French economist and politician and European statesman, president (1985–95) of the European Commission. Beginning in the 1940s, he held a series of posts in French banking and state planning, eventually becoming
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1985–95) that the commission put forward the Single European Act (1987) and the Treaty of European Union (1992; also known as the Maastricht Treaty), both of which provided for a significant expansion of the EU's powers. In 1995, Jacques SanterSanter, Jacques
(Jean Jacques Santer) , 1937–, Luxembourg political leader and European statesman. A lawyer and economist, he entered politics as a member of the Christian Social People's party in 1965 and later held several ministerial posts, notably finance minister
..... Click the link for more information.
 of Belgium became president of the commission. The entire commission resigned in 1999 amid accusations of financial mismanagement, corruption, fraud, and nepotism, and a new set of commissioners, with Romano ProdiProdi, Romano
, 1939–, Italian politician, premier of Italy (1996–98, 2006–8), b. Scandiano. Educated at the Catholic Univ. of Milan (grad. 1961), he is a trained economist and served (1978–79) as Italy's minister for industry; he also was a professor of
..... Click the link for more information.
 of Italy as president, was appointed later the same year. In 2004, José Manuel BarrosoBarroso, José Manuel Durão
, 1956–, Portuguese politician, b. Lisbon. A leftist activist while in law school, he became a Social Democrat in 1980 and was first elected to the Portuguese parliament in 1985.
..... Click the link for more information.
 became president; Jean-Claude JunckerJuncker, Jean-Claude,
1954–, Luxembourg political leader. A member of the Christian Social People's party, he was first elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1984.
..... Click the link for more information.
 succeeded Barroso in 2014. Ursula von der Leyenvon der Leyen, Ursula,
1958–, German politician, b. Brussels, Belgium, as Ursula Albrecht. She studied economics and medicine, worked (1988–92) at Hanover Medical School's (MHH) gynecological clinic, lived in the United States (1992–96) while her husband, Heiko
..... Click the link for more information.
 became president in 2019.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The European Commission's acting secretary-general noted that some European Union member states are citing a shortage of women candidates for EU commissioner jobs.
The European Commission's emergency veterinary team has missions to countries affected by animal diseases.
Zvizdic clearly stated that EU integration was one of the two most important foreign policy goals of BiH and that the BiH Council of Ministers would continue to work on the implementation of the tasks set out in the European Commission Opinion.
The European Commission announced that it is moving forward to a Phase 2 review of Vodafone's acquisition of Liberty Global's business in Germany, Hungary, Romania and the Czech Republic, the company said.
Oasmia Pharmaceutical AB (STO:OASM) announced on Thursday the grant of approval by the European Commission of Apealea for treatment of adult patients with first relapse of platinum-sensitive epithelial ovarian cancer, primary peritoneal cancer and fallopian tube cancer in combination with Carboplatin.
According to a statement, in response to a budget extension request made by the CMP, the European Commission has confirmed to the three CMP Members in Brussels that an ad hoc extension had exceptionally been granted.
Celanese Corporation (CE) announced that it is abandoning its merger agreement with Blackstone's (BX) Rhodia Acetow business and that the two parties have withdrawn their notification of the proposed joint venture from the European Commission. The parties were unable to reach an agreement with the European Commission on acceptable conditions to allow the proposed joint venture to proceed.
The changes, proposed by the European Commission to the Visa Code of the Schengen zone, will not affect the cost of visa fees for Azerbaijani citizens, Ria Novosti reported.
Summary: London [U.K.], December 9 (ANI): The United Kingdom and the European Union have finally reached a breakthrough deal after the European Commission announced that "sufficient progress" has been made in the first phase of Brexit talks.
Estonia recognizes the need for the creation of a joint rescue capacity across the European Union, which the European Commission made a proposal about on Thursday, November 23, but at the same time the country foresees a number of obstacles.
The European Commission has ordered Apple, the world's largest company in terms of market value, to pay [euro]13 billion in back taxes and argues that Ireland's tax incentives extend an unfair advantage.

Full browser ?