European Commission

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Related to European Commission: European Parliament, European Council, European Union

European Commission

(EC), institution of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the European Community were officially merged; previously, each organization was governed by a separate commission. The commission is composed of 27 members—one from each EU nation, but under the Lisbon Treaty (ratified 2009) its membership will be reduced beginning in 2014. Members are appointed by European Council and serve four-year terms; the commission membership must be approved by the European ParliamentEuropean Parliament,
an institution of the governing body of the European Union (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.
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. One member serves as president and six serve as vice presidents. A large administrative staff, numbering some 25,000, is divided among many committees and administrative agencies. The commission implements the provisions of the EU's governing treaties and carries out legislation enacted by the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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 and the European Parliament.

In keeping with the objective of the founding treaties, the commission initiates EU policy on the economy in particular but, increasingly, also on environmental and foreign and security affairs. The legislation it proposes is subject to amendment and approval by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. It was under the presidency of Jacques DelorsDelors, Jacques
(Jacques Lucien Jean Delors) 1925–, French economist and politician and European statesman, president (1985–95) of the European Commission. Beginning in the 1940s, he held a series of posts in French banking and state planning, eventually becoming
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 (1985–95) that the commission put forward the Single European Act (1987) and the Treaty of European Union (1992; also known as the Maastricht Treaty), both of which provided for a significant expansion of the EU's powers. In 1995, Jacques SanterSanter, Jacques
(Jean Jacques Santer) , 1937–, Luxembourg political leader and European statesman. A lawyer and economist, he entered politics as a member of the Christian Social People's party in 1965 and later held several ministerial posts, notably finance minister
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 of Belgium became president of the commission. The entire commission resigned in 1999 amid accusations of financial mismanagement, corruption, fraud, and nepotism, and a new set of commissioners, with Romano ProdiProdi, Romano
, 1939–, Italian politician, premier of Italy (1996–98, 2006–8), b. Scandiano. Educated at the Catholic Univ. of Milan (grad. 1961), he is a trained economist and served (1978–79) as Italy's minister for industry; he also was a professor of
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 of Italy as president, was appointed later the same year. In 2004, José Manuel BarrosoBarroso, José Manuel Durão
, 1956–, Portuguese politician, b. Lisbon. A leftist activist while in law school, he became a Social Democrat in 1980 and was first elected to the Portuguese parliament in 1985.
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 succeeded Prodi as president.

References in periodicals archive ?
European commissioner for migration, home affairs and citizenship Dimitris Avramopoulos said that the European Commission decided to increase by 20 euros a visa fee for third-country nationals up to 80 euros.
I praise the decision of the European Commission to launch a new program of macrofinancial assistance to Ukraine in support of reforms and economic growth, Petro Poroshenko noted on his official Facebook page.
President of the European Commission Junker will today receive the responses to European Commission's Questionnaire for the preparation of Opinion on the Application of BiH's membership in the European Union, which will be handed to him by the Chairman of the Presidency Dragan Covic and Chairman of the Council of Ministers Denis Zvizdic.
Following the settlement decision by the European Commission for violation of European competition rules, SKF has been asked to pay at least EUR59m plus interest and reimbursement of costs to Daimler.
This forecast by the European Commission is below the 1.
The EU Ambassadors are expected to discuss additional sanctions against Russia based on the proposal prepared by European Commission.
The European Commission is investigating a number of foreign holdings in European carriers.
The funds will be utilised to produce diesel-hybrid engines for commercial vans, as the European Commission broadens its search for ways to decrease emissions throughout the continent.
In this context, the European Commission will resume payments to Romania in the next days, for the reimbursement applications submitted in December 2012, amounting to 148 million euro, with enforcement of temporary financial corrections of 25% as agreed with the Romanian side.
THE European Commission is inviting small and medium-sized enterprises to participate in its policy-making process.
The European Commission Delegation to the Kyrgyz Republic organized for the second time after 2007 Civil Society Dialogue Days in Bishkek on 29 and 30 of April 2009, the Delegation of the European Commission to the Kyrgyz Republic said.
The European Commission has ended its probe into Irish carrier Ryanair concerning the airline's attempts to stop passengers using screen-scraping websites to make bookings.

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