European Council


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European Council,

institution of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU) responsible for defining the EU's general political direction and priorities. It is composed of an elected president (who serves a two-and-a-half-year term), the heads of government of the EU nations, and the president of the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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; the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy also takes part in its work, and the government heads and Commission president may be assisted by government ministers and a Commission member, respectively, in specialized discussions. It meets at least twice every six months.

Meetings of the European Council have from its beginnings often emphasized political as well as economic cooperation among EU nations; for example, the impetus for the move to have the members of the European ParliamentEuropean Parliament,
an institution of the governing body of the European Union (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.
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 elected directly by universal suffrage came out of an agreement reached at the first meeting of the European Council in 1974. The council was given legal definition by the Single European Act (1987) and became an official instituion of the EU with the ratification (2009) of the Lisbon Treaty.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Responding to another question, Anastasiades said the strong language adopted by the European Council likely emanated from the fact that, while the council was meeting, Turkey was escalating its illegal activities by launching a second drillship.
The European Council underlined the serious, immediate, negative impact these illegal actions have across the range of EU-Turkey relations.
And I am pleased to confirm that we have reached an agreement on that," the European Council president stated.
-Var of the handshake of Turkey's Permanent Representative in European Council Erdoy-an yE-can and European Council General Secretary Thorbjorn Jagland.
Evoking the joint security challenges for the southern shore as well as the northern shore of the Mediterranean, the President of the European Council underlined readiness to "assist Tunisia in this transition stage."
MEPs accuse the European Council, a body intended to provide political direction(1), of having "gone beyond the crucial treaty injunction that it has no legislative functions".
This angered a group of net payers composed of the United Kingdom, Germany, Sweden and the Netherlands.aThe European Council president's second compromise - making no cuts to the overall level - was zero percent in the direction of the Brits, particularly as regards administrative expenditure (Heading 5), said one source.
Summary: Brussels - President of the European council Herman Van Rompuy lauded on Wednesday the reforms announced by HM King Mohammed VI.
The European Council met today in an extraordinary session to discuss developments in Libya and the Southern neighbourhood region and set the political direction and priorities for future EU policy and action.
This is the message submitted by the European Parliament's Committee on Environment (ENVI), European associations representing small and medium-sized businesses (UEAPME), consumers (BEUC) and cooperatives (Cooperatives Europe), and the Foundation on Economic Trends to the European Council meeting on 4 February, focused on energy policy.
Macedonian President Gjorge Ivanov and Foreign Minister Antonio Milososki paid an official visit to Brussels on 9-10 September and met with the President of the European Commission Jose Manuel Barroso, the President of the European Council, Herman Van Rompuy, and EU Enlargement Commissioner Stefan Fule.
On February 10-11, Lithuanian Prime Minister Andrius Kubilius will be participating in the informal sessions of the European Council, reports ELTA.

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