European Defense Community

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

European Defense Community

 

a military alignment of six Western European states: France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. The creation of the community was provided for in the Treaty of Paris (1952) and the “General Treaty” (1952). The plans for creation of the European Defense Community were not implemented, because on Aug. 30, 1954, the National Assembly of France voted down the Treaty of Paris. However, with the adoption of the Paris agreements of 1954 these plans were in fact implemented within the structure of another military alignment, the Western European Union. In addition to the states that had in-tended to join the European Defense Community, Great Britain also became a member of the Western European Union.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Until now, the 1952 European Defence Community Treaty is the only major agreement that member states abandoned and even then it was not a clear-cut case.
More potentially controversial, however, is greater defence cooperation with the debate over this issue dating back to at least the 1950s when an initiative to form a European Defence Community failed to see the light of day.
Defence Logistics 2016 is the only military logistics conference exclusively focused on the Eastern European defence community. It aims to bring together members of logistics commands from across the region to discuss the challenges of modernising their logistics forces through training, international cooperation and procurement, while at the same time going through extensive budget reforms.
In France, on October 24th the same year, has been released the plan for a European Defence Community (EDC) providing the creation of a European army consisted of units of the ECSC Member States.
I am sure that there is a role for the European defence community to play in addressing such challenges".
She refused to participate in the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Defence Community, and then set up a rival organisation to the EEC, in the hope of undermining it.
(Another attempt at European integration, the European Defence Community (EDC), aimed at far-reaching collaboration in the area of defence, but in 1954 in the French national assembly refused to ratify it and it did not enter into force.)
Despite promising beginnings in the Brussels Treaty of 1947, a nascent common European defence was aborted when the French National Assembly vetoed the European Defence Community scheme in the mid-1950s and the project was set aside for the next three decades as politically too controversial.
(16) There had been an ill-fated attempt to set up a European Defence Community in the early 1950s.
French Prime Minister Rene Pleven conceived the plan for a European army in 1948, later put forward by Schuman as the European Defence Community. This plan, in which a rearmed Germany was to be incl uded, would also involve a loss of political autonomy with the army under supranational control.
Both Great Britain (whose "special relationship" with the United States has lost its value in American eyes) and France (which vetoed the setting up of a European Defence Community within NATO in 1952) now seem mesmerized by the oncoming headlights of a united Germany.

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