European Defense Community


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

European Defense Community

 

a military alignment of six Western European states: France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. The creation of the community was provided for in the Treaty of Paris (1952) and the “General Treaty” (1952). The plans for creation of the European Defense Community were not implemented, because on Aug. 30, 1954, the National Assembly of France voted down the Treaty of Paris. However, with the adoption of the Paris agreements of 1954 these plans were in fact implemented within the structure of another military alignment, the Western European Union. In addition to the states that had in-tended to join the European Defense Community, Great Britain also became a member of the Western European Union.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rene Pleven, president of the French Council, invented the concept of a European Defense Community, designed to create an integrated military force founded by European countries and directed by a supranational authority.
Following the individual conflict entries, which conclude about halfway into the fourth volume, come 16 articles on organizations, alliances, conventions, and negotiations, including the African Union, the Arab League, the Central Treaty Organization (the Baghdad Pact), the Non-Aligned Movement, the Economic Community of West African States, and the European Defense Community, among others.
It considers the debate on interim aid to France in late 1947, the proposed formation of a European Defense Community in 1954, the 1958 Anglo-American "good offices mission" on affairs in North Africa, the 1960s controversy over the Multilateral Force and U.S.
During the postwar era, European heads of state drafted a treaty to establish a Western European defense community. But the proposal fell through in 1954, owing to a veto by France's National Assembly, against the recommendation of Charles de Gaulle, the legendary postwar president.

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