European Parliament


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European Parliament,

an institution of the governing body of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.

The European Parliament was founded in 1958 as the European Parliamentary Assembly, and its members were chosen by the parliaments of the nations belonging to the three treaty organizations that were later merged to form what is now the EU. Since 1979, the members sent by each nation have been directly elected by its citizens for five-year terms. Once elected, members are grouped according to political party or faction rather than nationality. Its expansion over the years has followed that of the EU; the Treaty of Lisbon (ratified 2009) sets its membership at 751.

The parliament was for many years a consultative body, but its powers have been expanded. Those powers remain largely negative ones, exercised mainly through its ability to refuse to grant approval or otherwise act as required; it may not initiate legislation. The final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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, as well as amendments proposed by the parliament, is shared with or belongs to the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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. The aspect of EU government over which the parliament has the most direct influence is the EU budget, which it may amend or reject and on which it generally has the final vote. It also must approve the slate of nominees for the European Commission.

References in periodicals archive ?
A member of the EU-Azerbaijan Parliamentary Cooperation Committee and Azerbaijani MP Azar Karimli, in turn,said that the statement is the result of an intensive and purposeful work carried out with members of the European Parliament after restoration of relations and another success of Azerbaijan's parliamentary diplomacy.
This comes as many of the active members of the European Parliament who are familiar with the developments in Iran and the region have consistently refused to support it because they are aware of the nature of this nonprofessional and immoral act, Qasemi added.
The European Parliament had approved on September 14 a resolution on EU-Tunisia relations, involving essentially the conversion of Tunisia's debt into investment and development projects, in addition to the launch of a special project to boost the Tunisian economy.
The move also targets the creation of a parliamentary group, characterized by objectivity and impartiality, to adopt the Bahrain-related issues to be raised by the European Parliament and highlight the facts honestly and transparently.
For purposes of this analysis, the advantage ratio (Ai) is calculated as the ratio of the number of Members of the European Parliament allocated to a given member state i from the total number of Members of the European Parliament (si) divided by the proportion of the population of a given member state i from the European Union's total population (pi).
The MEPs expect President Juncker, who was elected last year by the European Parliament on the basis of the results of the EU elections, to present an overview of everything until today, an outline of Commission initiatives, and long-term dream for the Union.
The European Parliament should explicitly comment about the Human Rights conditions and condemn establishment of prisons in Abu Ghuraib and Guantanamo as well as tortures and inhumane pressures in the past and present and also unilateral sanctions," part of the statement said.
The Civil Liberties Committee of the European Parliament, today ratified the agreement between the Parliament and the Greek Presidency of the European Union, on amending the regulations to exempt citizens of the United Arab Emirates, Colombia, Peru and 15 other Caribbean and the Pacific Ocean countries from the requirement of obtaining visa to enter into the unified visa zone of "Schengen".
The group toured the European Parliament in Brussels and met Warwickshire Lib Dem Euro MP Phil Bennion who sponsored the visit.
Yesterday European Parliament adopted resolution on development of European Neighborhood Policy (ENP), a
A very productive exchange of views about development in Central Asia and Kyrgyzstan-EU ties took place during the talks with President of Kyrgyzstan Almazbek Atambaev, European Parliament President Martin Schulz told a press conference on September 17 in Brussels.
ARBIL/ Aswat al-Iraq: Kurdish region government representative to the European Parliament Dolar Ezkayi discussed with head of the Iraqi Committee Straun Stevenson the expected visit of European Parliament delegation to the Kurdish region to participate in the Special Conference on Christians in Iraq, due to be held in Arbil on 23 November, 2013.

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