European Parliament

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European Parliament,

an institution of the governing body of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.

The European Parliament was founded in 1958 as the European Parliamentary Assembly, and its members were chosen by the parliaments of the nations belonging to the three treaty organizations that were later merged to form what is now the EU. Since 1979, the members sent by each nation have been directly elected by its citizens for five-year terms. Once elected, members are grouped according to political party or faction rather than nationality. Its expansion over the years has followed that of the EU; the Treaty of Lisbon (ratified 2009) sets its membership at 751.

The parliament was for many years a consultative body, but its powers have been expanded. Those powers remain largely negative ones, exercised mainly through its ability to refuse to grant approval or otherwise act as required; it may not initiate legislation. The final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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, as well as amendments proposed by the parliament, is shared with or belongs to the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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. The aspect of EU government over which the parliament has the most direct influence is the EU budget, which it may amend or reject and on which it generally has the final vote. It also must approve the slate of nominees for the European Commission.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mariya Gabriel, who prepared the report and led the European Parliament group to negotiate with the Presidency of the European Union, said, "The agreement today has double importance as we progress towards expanding the cooperation with those countries, on the other hand we send a positive message to European citizens, clarifying measures on putting non European countries in the positive list.
Kasoulides said that Turkish Cypriots should forget the possibility of obtaining observer status in the European Parliament.
They also discussed ways in which the European Parliament is helping young people to find employment and the UK's future with the EU.
Although our learners have only been with us for a number of weeks, to witness learners who have never studied law before challenge learned colleagues working for the European Parliament and European Commission was a very moving and worthwhile experience.
The President of the European Parliament will also lecture at the Tunis Faculty of Law and Legal Sciences and attend a seminar on "democratic transition" jointly held by the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) and the Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights network.
The Deputy Chairman of Majlis A'Shura welcomes members of the European Parliament and highlighted the horizons of cooperation between Majlis A'Shura and the European Parliament.
The European Parliament operates offices in all the capitals of the member states plus branch offices in some of the regional capitals.
NORTH-east MEP Fiona Hall has renewed her vow to fight to end the wasteful monthly trip between the two European Parliament buildings in Brussels and Strasbourg, as the newly-elected European Parliament gets its feet under the desk following June's Euro elections.
Results of the European Parliament elections are unlikely to heave the wheel of the SS Europe sharply left or right, but will bring a course change with long-term implications.
But it is not true that 70% of the laws of member countries are set by the European Parliament.
Members of the European parliament and the Amnesty International have in a joint call urged European Union governments to help in ending torture around the world.
NATIONAL FARMING Union Deputy President Meurig Raymond visited the European Parliament last week to set out the NFU's priorities for the 'Health Check' of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).

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