European Parliament

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European Parliament,

an institution of the governing body of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.

The European Parliament was founded in 1958 as the European Parliamentary Assembly, and its members were chosen by the parliaments of the nations belonging to the three treaty organizations that were later merged to form what is now the EU. Since 1979, the members sent by each nation have been directly elected by its citizens for five-year terms. Once elected, members are grouped according to political party or faction rather than nationality. Its expansion over the years has followed that of the EU; the Treaty of Lisbon (ratified 2009) sets its membership at 751.

The parliament was for many years a consultative body, but its powers have been expanded. Those powers remain largely negative ones, exercised mainly through its ability to refuse to grant approval or otherwise act as required; it may not initiate legislation. The final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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, as well as amendments proposed by the parliament, is shared with or belongs to the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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. The aspect of EU government over which the parliament has the most direct influence is the EU budget, which it may amend or reject and on which it generally has the final vote. It also must approve the slate of nominees for the European Commission.

References in periodicals archive ?
The European Parliament's Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice, and Home Affairs issued a report rejecting the legislative draft, questioning the bill's legality, and noting the difficulties associated with analyzing such large amounts of data in criminal investigations.
With her brunette looks and name, Irina could be southern or eastern European, while her bland assertions about the right of all citizens to clean water are neither Christian-Democrat right nor Socialist left (which, along with the Green Party, comprise most of the European Parliament's members).
Comitology really became a thorn in the European Parliament's side.
Ayatollah Movahedi Kermani's remarks came in reaction to a draft resolution adopted against Iran in the European Parliament's recent meeting in Brussels.
Five Polish MEPs in the European Parliament's ALDE Group (Bronis aw Geremek, Jan Ku akowski, Janusz Onyszkiewicz, Pawe Piskorski and Grazyna Staniszewska) published a statement on 19 February in protest against the publication by the non-attached Polish MEP, Maciej Giertych, of a booklet entitled Civilisations at War in Europe,' which is considered to be anti-Semitic.
"The visit to Tehran by the European Parliament's delegation was postponed to another time," Mehman-Parast told FNA on Sunday.He reminded that the European parliament has been informed of the postponement, adding that the Iranian parliament will inform the European side of the possible date for the visit.Referring to the cause of the delay, Mehman-Parast said that the visit was postponed due to the necessity of advance-planning to maximize constructive and mutual parliamentary cooperation between the two sides.Earlier on Saturday Mehman-Parast had said that a delegation from the European Parliament will arrive in Tehran in the near future to hold talks with Iranian authorities.
The text was adopted by the European Parliament's Committee on Employment and Social Affairs on September 11, and will be incorporated in the general enlargement report being drafted by the Foreign Affairs Committee.
The EP President reaffirmed "the need to find concerted solutions among all the parties" and indicated her refusal "to see either of the parties engaging in unilateral acts contrary to the terms of agreements solemnly entered into".Lastly, the President restated the European Parliament's unwavering policy on the peace process: "The European Parliament has always encouraged the peace negotiators to strive so that in time there is guaranteed, for all the parties concerned, the recognition of the State of Israel and its right to security; similarly, any future Palestinian State must be a viable one in the same spirit."In conjunction with her February 22 visit to Palestine, the President of the European Parliament met in Ramallah with the President of the Palestinian Authority, Yasser Arafat.

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