European Parliament

(redirected from European Parliament's)
Also found in: Dictionary, Legal, Financial.

European Parliament,

an institution of the governing body of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
..... Click the link for more information.
 (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.

The European Parliament was founded in 1958 as the European Parliamentary Assembly, and its members were chosen by the parliaments of the nations belonging to the three treaty organizations that were later merged to form what is now the EU. Since 1979, the members sent by each nation have been directly elected by its citizens for five-year terms. Once elected, members are grouped according to political party or faction rather than nationality. Its expansion over the years has followed that of the EU; the Treaty of Lisbon (ratified 2009) sets its membership at 751.

The parliament was for many years a consultative body, but its powers have been expanded. Those powers remain largely negative ones, exercised mainly through its ability to refuse to grant approval or otherwise act as required; it may not initiate legislation. The final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
..... Click the link for more information.
, as well as amendments proposed by the parliament, is shared with or belongs to the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The aspect of EU government over which the parliament has the most direct influence is the EU budget, which it may amend or reject and on which it generally has the final vote. It also must approve the slate of nominees for the European Commission.

References in periodicals archive ?
Comitology really became a thorn in the European Parliament's side.
To respond to the European Parliament's growing concerns, a marginal reform of comitology was agreed upon in 1999.
A particular issue to be addressed will be the position of national budgetary control committees on specific issues raised in the European Parliament's 2003 and 2004 discharge resolutions such as the question of national management declarations and the role of national audit institutions in relation to EU funds.
The colloquium is organised by the European Parliament's Directorate of Relations with National Parliaments, and it will be co-chaired by MEPs Jan Olbrycht (EPP-ED) and Elspeth Attwooll (ALDE).
Main issues to be debated cover the "Role of national parliaments in the pre-accession regional policy", "The European Parliament's activities linked to enlargement and the EU's regional policy for the candidate countries" or different experiences of current Member States before and after accession, in regard to the EU's Regional Policy.
Lastly, the President restated the European Parliament's unwavering policy on the peace process: "The European Parliament has always encouraged the peace negotiators to strive so that in time there is guaranteed, for all the parties concerned, the recognition of the State of Israel and its right to security; similarly, any future Palestinian State must be a viable one in the same spirit.
The European Parliament's plenary session on October 6 adopted two second-reading Recommendations on key EU energy programmes, SAVE and ALTENER.
Opinion of the Commission pursuant to Article 189b (2) (d) of the EC Treaty, on the European Parliament's amendment to the Council's common position regarding the proposal for a European Parliament and Council decision establishing a Community initiative for the "European City of Culture" event - COM(99)154 - 5 pages19.
The Committee is headquartered in the European Parliament's premises and was due to start operating officially on February 8.
Against this background, Magda Aelvoet, co-President of the Greens, is awaiting a written reply from Biagio de Giovanni (PES, Italy), leader of the European Parliament's Committee on Institutional Affairs, concerning the legal basis of the Committee of Experts in the light of Articles 138c and 206 of the Treaty (see European Report No 2377, same Section).
The Forum will sit in the European Parliament's chamber starting on October 27 and will hold three half-day sessions before drawing to a close on October 28.

Full browser ?