European Parliament

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European Parliament,

an institution of the governing body of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.

The European Parliament was founded in 1958 as the European Parliamentary Assembly, and its members were chosen by the parliaments of the nations belonging to the three treaty organizations that were later merged to form what is now the EU. Since 1979, the members sent by each nation have been directly elected by its citizens for five-year terms. Once elected, members are grouped according to political party or faction rather than nationality. Its expansion over the years has followed that of the EU; the Treaty of Lisbon (ratified 2009) sets its membership at 751.

The parliament was for many years a consultative body, but its powers have been expanded. Those powers remain largely negative ones, exercised mainly through its ability to refuse to grant approval or otherwise act as required; it may not initiate legislation. The final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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, as well as amendments proposed by the parliament, is shared with or belongs to the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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. The aspect of EU government over which the parliament has the most direct influence is the EU budget, which it may amend or reject and on which it generally has the final vote. It also must approve the slate of nominees for the European Commission.

References in periodicals archive ?
The European Parliament's resolution came shortly after Pope Francis described the 1915 events as "the first genocide of the 20th century" during Mass last Sunday.
Christian Engstrom a Pirate Party MEP has also accused the European Parliament's IT department of blocking the emails:
In this sense, the European Parliament's powers are not too huge, but too small as there are some areas of EU responsibilities that escape full Parliamentary scrutiny.
THE head of the European parliament's office in Cyprus Tasos Georgiou yesterday urged more Cypriots to sign up for the euro elections because what happens in Brussels affects their everyday lives, he said.
The European Parliament's opinion on the health check is likely to be very influential.
THE MEP coordinating the European Parliament's response to a proposed European Parliament trade agreement with natural gas-rich Turkmenistan is opposing its ratification over human rights concerns.
One example of this came to light with the European Parliament's passage of the Reinsurance Directive earlier this year.
Several European countries are working to pass controversial legislation that would require telephone companies and Internet service providers (ISPs) to retain substantial amounts of customer data, despite the European Parliament's rejection of the proposed bill.
The European Parliament's Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety wants the deletion of the 'sufficient' classification for quality.
However, Vatican officials regard the uproar as motivated to a large extent by resurgent anti-Catholic bigotry in Europe, following as it does upon the European Parliament's recent refusal to include references to the continent's Christian heritage in its Constitution.
A CATHOLIC MEMBER OF THE European Parliament from Slovakia has been elected president of the European Parliament's women's committee.
This is a product for young people, and our goal was to try at the same time not to say vague things on the project, but not to be scholarly," says Jacques Hinckxt, of the European Parliament's information directorate general.

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