European Parliament

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European Parliament,

an institution of the governing body of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.

The European Parliament was founded in 1958 as the European Parliamentary Assembly, and its members were chosen by the parliaments of the nations belonging to the three treaty organizations that were later merged to form what is now the EU. Since 1979, the members sent by each nation have been directly elected by its citizens for five-year terms. Once elected, members are grouped according to political party or faction rather than nationality. Its expansion over the years has followed that of the EU; the Treaty of Lisbon (ratified 2009) sets its membership at 751.

The parliament was for many years a consultative body, but its powers have been expanded. Those powers remain largely negative ones, exercised mainly through its ability to refuse to grant approval or otherwise act as required; it may not initiate legislation. The final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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, as well as amendments proposed by the parliament, is shared with or belongs to the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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. The aspect of EU government over which the parliament has the most direct influence is the EU budget, which it may amend or reject and on which it generally has the final vote. It also must approve the slate of nominees for the European Commission.

References in periodicals archive ?
However, there is a big chance that municipal elections will pull the European parliament elections. "It is not a big deal for a voter to choose two tickets, instead of one", explained Aigars Freimanis.
They say he is not an inspirational leader, lacks a clear and ambitious program and that Europeans want a change after a record-low turnout in the European Parliament election in June.
Finns prefer to vote for individuals rather than parties in the European Parliament elections.
THE Cabinet Office in Westminster says it is "closely monitoring developments" at Pembrokeshire County Council after a Labour AM said it would be "utterly preposterous" for the authority's chief executive to be returning officer in the forthcoming European Parliament election while unlawful payments made to him are under police investigation.
A higher voter turnout is expected in Sweden for the forthcoming European Parliament election.
TD Jackie Healy Rae looks set to launch a European Parliament election bid.
ANTI-TROIKA opposition party AKEL pressed its own austerity button for last month's European Parliament election campaign, spending less than a quarter of the budget spent in the previous Euro-elections five years earlier.
Mr Bufton, 50, a former councillor in Rhayader, Powys, became Ukip's first MEP for Wales when he took a seat from Labour at the last European Parliament election in 2009.
Jean-Claude Juncker, the European People's party (EPP) candidate for President of the European Commissionafter theEuropean parliamentary elections, will visit Cyprus May 3 and 4, ahead of the European Parliament election later that month, DISY leader Averof Neophytou said on Saturday.
The Welsh Liberal Democrats have postponed their selection of candidates for the next European Parliament election in 2009 because no women have put their names forward.

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