European Parliament

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European Parliament,

an institution of the governing body of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.

The European Parliament was founded in 1958 as the European Parliamentary Assembly, and its members were chosen by the parliaments of the nations belonging to the three treaty organizations that were later merged to form what is now the EU. Since 1979, the members sent by each nation have been directly elected by its citizens for five-year terms. Once elected, members are grouped according to political party or faction rather than nationality. Its expansion over the years has followed that of the EU; the Treaty of Lisbon (ratified 2009) sets its membership at 751.

The parliament was for many years a consultative body, but its powers have been expanded. Those powers remain largely negative ones, exercised mainly through its ability to refuse to grant approval or otherwise act as required; it may not initiate legislation. The final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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, as well as amendments proposed by the parliament, is shared with or belongs to the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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. The aspect of EU government over which the parliament has the most direct influence is the EU budget, which it may amend or reject and on which it generally has the final vote. It also must approve the slate of nominees for the European Commission.

References in periodicals archive ?
However, like a number of other participating parties--including Bulgaria's Order Law and Justice Party--opinion polls ahead of the European Parliament elections did not foresee it emerging as a political force of major significance.
However, there is a big chance that municipal elections will pull the European parliament elections.
His critics in Bulgaria, on the other hand, recently tend to blame him for his party's poor European Parliament election results and disputable performance in the national government, where some party officials admit the electorate cannot recognize it as the leading force.
THE Cabinet Office in Westminster says it is "closely monitoring developments" at Pembrokeshire County Council after a Labour AM said it would be "utterly preposterous" for the authority's chief executive to be returning officer in the forthcoming European Parliament election while unlawful payments made to him are under police investigation.
In the upcoming European Parliament election, nine member countries will reportedly use a system of party lists rather than individual candidates.
TD Jackie Healy Rae looks set to launch a European Parliament election bid.
Mr Bufton, 50, a former councillor in Rhayader, Powys, became Ukip's first MEP for Wales when he took a seat from Labour at the last European Parliament election in 2009.
Being a candidate for the European Parliament election gives the former Finnish prime minister Anneli Jaatteenmaki a chance to make a comeback in Finnish politics, according to Professor Goran Djupsund at Abo Akademi University.
PLAID CYMRU MEP Jill Evans has apologised for breaking a promise made before the last European Parliament election that she would publish details of her expenses.
Plans to only broadcast the Swedish language version of the wait for the European Parliament election results over the digital Swedish-language channel have been met by criticism.
A higher voter turnout is expected in Sweden for the forthcoming European Parliament election.
Mr Shipton's main issue, that parties select the candidates, leaving the electorate with only a choice of which party to back, is true not only of the European Parliament election but also of the Assembly elections, Westminster elections, and elections in the many unitary authority wards represented by only one councillor.

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