European Parliament

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European Parliament,

an institution of the governing body of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.

The European Parliament was founded in 1958 as the European Parliamentary Assembly, and its members were chosen by the parliaments of the nations belonging to the three treaty organizations that were later merged to form what is now the EU. Since 1979, the members sent by each nation have been directly elected by its citizens for five-year terms. Once elected, members are grouped according to political party or faction rather than nationality. Its expansion over the years has followed that of the EU; the Treaty of Lisbon (ratified 2009) sets its membership at 751.

The parliament was for many years a consultative body, but its powers have been expanded. Those powers remain largely negative ones, exercised mainly through its ability to refuse to grant approval or otherwise act as required; it may not initiate legislation. The final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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, as well as amendments proposed by the parliament, is shared with or belongs to the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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. The aspect of EU government over which the parliament has the most direct influence is the EU budget, which it may amend or reject and on which it generally has the final vote. It also must approve the slate of nominees for the European Commission.

References in periodicals archive ?
Despite Cameron's forthright opposition to Juncker, whose centre-right political group won European Parliament elections last month, Britain has failed to convince almost any of the 27 other member states to support its position.
AKEL on Thursday handed over details of the party's spending in the European Parliament elections to the interior ministry's chief returning officer, as required by law.
If the outcome of the European Parliament election were to be judged exclusively by the fact that an overwhelming majority of Europe's citizens cast their votes for pro-EU parties, the most fundamental point -- the dramatic increase in support for Euroskeptic nationalist parties in states such as France, the United Kingdom, Denmark, Austria, Greece and Hungary -- would be missed.
A record low of 43 per cent of eligible voters cast their ballots in the European Parliament election, according to a first official estimate published by the assembly.
But his foes have blocked a vote of approval in the assembly when it meets next week for the first time since last month's European Parliament election.
Some 375m people in 27 countries are eligible to vote in the European Parliament election on June 4.
in London for their live European parliament election results coverage.
AROUND a dozen protesters gathered outside BBC Wales' headquarters in Cardiff against airtime being offered to two farright political parties standing in next week's European Parliament election.
Notably, just two days before the UK went to elect its MEPs on June 4, a YouGov survey said that voter turnout could be as high as 50 per cent, about 12 per cent higher than in the previous UK European Parliament election.
The European Parliament election, scheduled for June 6 is likely to receive scant attention in Latvia, with local municipal elections, due to take place on the same day, set to grab more interest from both politicians and the electorate.
The European integration project is suffering from a crisis in legitimacy symptomatically represented by small European Parliament election turnouts and Kaid (telecommunication, U.
BRUSSELS, May 26 (KUNA) -- Provisional European Parliament election results on Monday showed that the European People's Party, (EPP or Christian Democrats) have a narrow lead with 28.

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