European Parliament

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European Parliament,

an institution of the governing body of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.

The European Parliament was founded in 1958 as the European Parliamentary Assembly, and its members were chosen by the parliaments of the nations belonging to the three treaty organizations that were later merged to form what is now the EU. Since 1979, the members sent by each nation have been directly elected by its citizens for five-year terms. Once elected, members are grouped according to political party or faction rather than nationality. Its expansion over the years has followed that of the EU; the Treaty of Lisbon (ratified 2009) sets its membership at 751.

The parliament was for many years a consultative body, but its powers have been expanded. Those powers remain largely negative ones, exercised mainly through its ability to refuse to grant approval or otherwise act as required; it may not initiate legislation. The final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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, as well as amendments proposed by the parliament, is shared with or belongs to the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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. The aspect of EU government over which the parliament has the most direct influence is the EU budget, which it may amend or reject and on which it generally has the final vote. It also must approve the slate of nominees for the European Commission.

References in periodicals archive ?
Of course, it could be argued that despite the political agreement on the principle of equality of the vote as one of the basic common principles of the European Parliamentary elections, the very mechanism of the distribution of seats in the European Parliament among the European Union member states, the so-called principle of degressive proportionality, is contrary to this principle since the elections of a deputy in a large European Union member state requires a much higher population than in a small European Union member state.
Mr Huwail said Bahrain's parliament welcomes visits of any European parliamentary delegation or group to Bahrain to see facts on the ground in order to project the real image of the kingdom to the world, away from misleading and erroneous reports.
ANCIENT woodland in Yorkshire could be sacrificed to building under proposals which could set a dangerous precedent, European parliamentary candidate Andrew Cooper has warned.
TEHRAN (FNA)- A senior Iranian lawmaker asked a British parliamentary delegation which is due to visit Tehran later this month to respect the diplomatic codes of behavior to prevent the insulting attitude that was shown by a European parliamentary delegation during its recent trip to Iran.
The London-based public affairs consultancy believes that Marine Le Pen and Geert Wilders "will succeed in crossing the threshold of 25 MEPs from seven member states necessary to form a European parliamentary group".
Ioan Bellin, European Parliamentary Candidate, Plaid Cymru - the Party of Wales.
European Parliamentary Forum on Population and Development News, 28 June 2013.
Summary: BRUSSELS - Shaikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Foreign Minister, met today a Group of members of the European Parliamentary (EP) on a lunch banquet.
Morocco's decision to ban the visit to the Kingdom of a European parliamentary delegation is "a sovereign one," said Mustapha El Khalfi, Communications Minister, spokesman for the government on Thursday.
PNN A European parliamentary political delegation is scheduled to arrive in the Occupied Palestinian territories today.
27 -- The International Cricket Council (ICC)-Europe together with Syed Kamall, Member of the European Parliament representing UK, Chair of European Parliamentary cricket inter group and the International Cricket Council, hosted a two day event from 25-26 September 2012, at the European Parliament promoting the game of cricket within the European Parliament and in Europe.
Mustafa Abuhakor, met the European parliamentary delegation headed by Mr.

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