European Parliament

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European Parliament,

an institution of the governing body of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.

The European Parliament was founded in 1958 as the European Parliamentary Assembly, and its members were chosen by the parliaments of the nations belonging to the three treaty organizations that were later merged to form what is now the EU. Since 1979, the members sent by each nation have been directly elected by its citizens for five-year terms. Once elected, members are grouped according to political party or faction rather than nationality. Its expansion over the years has followed that of the EU; the Treaty of Lisbon (ratified 2009) sets its membership at 751.

The parliament was for many years a consultative body, but its powers have been expanded. Those powers remain largely negative ones, exercised mainly through its ability to refuse to grant approval or otherwise act as required; it may not initiate legislation. The final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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, as well as amendments proposed by the parliament, is shared with or belongs to the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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. The aspect of EU government over which the parliament has the most direct influence is the EU budget, which it may amend or reject and on which it generally has the final vote. It also must approve the slate of nominees for the European Commission.

References in periodicals archive ?
The main objective of the study is to quantify the existing principle for allocating seats in the European Parliament, the so-called principle of degressive proportionality--as it is provided for in the first subparagraph of Article 14 (2) of the Treaty on European Union--in the 2014 European Parliamentary elections.
He said that a decision was taken, within the framework of Morocco-EU parliamentary friendship group, to organize a European parliamentary visit to the Kingdom, including the Saharan provinces.
Mustafa Abuhakor, met the European parliamentary delegation headed by Mr.
While apprising the European Parliamentary delegation that his government was now focusing on the early recovery phase for the rehabilitation of agriculture, health, education, water sanitation and housing sectors as well as the community infrastructure in the flood affected areas, he expressed the hope that important partners of Pakistan like EU and its member states will continue to remain engaged with Pakistan to help overcome the affects of last years devastating natural calamity.
Malki, whomet a European parliamentary delegation in Ramallahmtold them that the priority of the Palestinian leadership is to reach an agreement with the Israeli government that would end the occupation and establish an independent and sovereign Palestinian state on the 1967 borders with East Jerusalem as its capital.
Yet, the letter from Tony Carroll, Coventry Labour activist and former European Parliamentary Candidate (February 14), with his references to mass drunkenness and injured children, makes a street party sound more like an organised riot.
Reviewing with European Parliamentary delegation Syria's aid offered to the Palestinian refugees, Al-Moallem discusses with his Iranian and Argentinean counterparts cooperation relations.
Kirilov, a member of the European Parliamentary Committee on Regional Development, has lobbied MEPs during recent weeks, gaining cross-party support for his proposals.
A number of European parliamentarians accused Iranian authorities of canceling the planned trip of a European parliamentary delegation to Iran in the last minute.
VILNIUS: Lithuanian Prime Minister Andrius Kubilius s Conservatives topped the poll in European parliamentary elections with 26.
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MANY people are believed to be planning either not to vote at all in next Thursday''s European Parliamentary election, or to vote for UKIP or the BNP in order to punish the mainstream political parties for their recent failings.

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