European Parliament

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European Parliament,

an institution of the governing body of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.

The European Parliament was founded in 1958 as the European Parliamentary Assembly, and its members were chosen by the parliaments of the nations belonging to the three treaty organizations that were later merged to form what is now the EU. Since 1979, the members sent by each nation have been directly elected by its citizens for five-year terms. Once elected, members are grouped according to political party or faction rather than nationality. Its expansion over the years has followed that of the EU; the Treaty of Lisbon (ratified 2009) sets its membership at 751.

The parliament was for many years a consultative body, but its powers have been expanded. Those powers remain largely negative ones, exercised mainly through its ability to refuse to grant approval or otherwise act as required; it may not initiate legislation. The final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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, as well as amendments proposed by the parliament, is shared with or belongs to the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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. The aspect of EU government over which the parliament has the most direct influence is the EU budget, which it may amend or reject and on which it generally has the final vote. It also must approve the slate of nominees for the European Commission.

References in periodicals archive ?
European parliamentary elections have done nothing to change this view.
On 22nd May 2014, a European Parliamentary election will be held.
The elections take place on Thursday, May 22, which coincides with the European Parliamentary Election.
THE CAMPAIGN for the European parliamentary elections officially begins today, even though the parties in Cyprus have already begun angling for votes, presenting their candidates and their election promises.
IOAN BELLIN Plaid Cymru European Parliamentary candidate I AM fed up with reading about the public in-fighting between Carwyn Jones AM and Ann Clwyd MP.
Mr Huwail said Bahrain's parliament welcomes visits of any European parliamentary delegation or group to Bahrain to see facts on the ground in order to project the real image of the kingdom to the world, away from misleading and erroneous reports.
ANCIENT woodland in Yorkshire could be sacrificed to building under proposals which could set a dangerous precedent, European parliamentary candidate Andrew Cooper has warned.
NNA - Maronite Patriarch Cardinal Bechara Boutros Rahi on Friday evening met at Bkirki with a European parliamentary delegation, currently on a visit to Lebanon.
Ioan Bellin, European Parliamentary Candidate, Plaid Cymru - the Party of Wales.
European Parliamentary Forum on Population and Development News, 28 June 2013.
PLAID Cymru has revealed that "Wales First" will be its slogan for next year's European Parliamentary election.
Some Tories and Labour MPs want a vote held much sooner - possibly as early as May 22 next year - the same day as European parliamentary elections.

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