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any of various birds having a red breast, esp the Old World robin (see robin (sense 1))
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Erithacus rubecida), a bird of the family Turdidae of the order Passeriformes. The body is about 15 cm long. In adults the back is olive-brown, the underpart white, and the crop and breast reddish; the young are speckled. Redbreasts are found throughout Europe and western Asia. At the onset of winter they migrate to North Africa, southeastern Europe, and Southwest Asia, returning to their nesting grounds early. They inhabit moist woods, especially alder and hazelnut thickets along the banks of streams, and dense growths of spruce saplings. They build nests on the ground or in low tree stumps. One or two sets of eggs are hatched during the summer, with each clutch containing four to six eggs. In spring and summer the birds feed on insects and in autumn and winter on seeds and berries.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(nymphs) on European robins, which migrate across Turkey twice a year en route from their breeding sites to their wintering sites (Figure 2) and back.
One larva was collected from a juvenile tree pipit (Anthus trivialis), 1 nymph each from a song thrush and juvenile redstart (Phoenicurusphoenicurus), and 2 nymphs and 1 larva from a juvenile European robin. All TBEV-infected ticks were collected from birds during the autumn migration.
The research examined how artificial light affects the amount of food consumed by European robins, and was compared with the amount of food consumed by birds in natural light.t showed that artificially lit birds have different activity schedules to those in natural conditions and have the ability to regulate their body masses differently.
The barbaric practice involves painting twigs with a glue to catch small migratory birds, such as Blackcaps and European Robins and the local 'delicacy' Ambelopoullia
European robins now sing primarily at night, and researchers think they do it to avoid interference from street noise.
Experimentally, Gibson (1974, 1980) found that star finches (Bathilda ruficauda) and European robins (Erithacus rubecula) learned to ignore food of a given color if the food correlated with its ability to escape.
In outdoor taste tests with 16 European robins, birds overall preferred uninfected wax moth caterpillars to ones that had been infected for at least three days.
He and his colleagues have found that urban noise pollution has a stronger effect than light pollution on whether European robins switch from daytime singing to nocturnal serenades.

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