European Parliament

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European Parliament,

an institution of the governing body of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.

The European Parliament was founded in 1958 as the European Parliamentary Assembly, and its members were chosen by the parliaments of the nations belonging to the three treaty organizations that were later merged to form what is now the EU. Since 1979, the members sent by each nation have been directly elected by its citizens for five-year terms. Once elected, members are grouped according to political party or faction rather than nationality. Its expansion over the years has followed that of the EU; there are currently 705 members.

The parliament was for many years a consultative body, but its powers have been expanded. Those powers remain largely negative ones, exercised mainly through its ability to refuse to grant approval or otherwise act as required; it may not initiate legislation. The final vote on legislation proposed by the European CommissionEuropean Commission
(EC), institution of the European Union (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the
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, as well as amendments proposed by the parliament, is shared with or belongs to the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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. The aspect of EU government over which the parliament has the most direct influence is the EU budget, which it may amend or reject and on which it generally has the final vote. It also must approve the slate of nominees for the European Commission.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
Taking to media persons outside Parliament House on Friday, the state minister said that European Union Parliament accepted the efforts of the current government for development and strengthening the economy of the country and it gave GSP Plus status to Pakistan.
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There are 785 representatives in the European Union Parliament (EP) out of which 212 or 27 percent are from the ten post-communist member states.
Bloomberg has reported that the European Union parliament may ask the European Central Bank (ECB) to alter its inflation goal.
And another three members of the European Union Parliament who are supposed to do the same thing.
The families of the captives met with European Union parliament members in Brussels to appeal for help in obtaining a sign of life from their loved ones.
Representatives of the chapter have also met with members of the European Union Parliament, and the chapter continues to provide input to the European Union on key tax issues.
The European Union parliament has stated that airlines from the US or other countries that receive government subsidies should pay a penalty if EU airlines suffer as a result.
3, 2002); European Union, Europa, European Union Parliament Committee, at http://www.europarl.eu.int/committees/empl_home.htm (last visited Dec.
He commented on a Kyodo News report earlier Friday that the European Union Parliament has decided for the moment to withhold its 2003 funding to a consortium charged with building nuclear reactors in North Korea following Pyongyang's admission that it is developing nuclear arms.

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