European Wildcat


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European Wildcat

 

(Felis silvestris), a predatory animal of the family Felidae, somewhat larger than the domestic cat. Unlike the domestic cat, however, the European wildcat has fluffy fur, a thin flesh side, and a regular pattern of lateral dark stripes on the sides of the body and on the tail. The body is brownish gray, and the tip of the tail is black; melanics occur.

The European wildcat is distributed in Europe and Asia Minor. In the USSR it lives in Moldavia, the Carpathians, and the Caucasus. It inhabits beech forests, shrubs, and reeds and is a good tree climber. It feeds on rodents and birds, sometimes attacking young roe deer and reindeer. The young (two to six, most often three or four) are born in April or May. The European wildcat has little practical significance; its fur is of little value.

References in periodicals archive ?
2009) Preserving genetic integrity in a hybridising world: Are European wildcats (Felis Silvestris Silvestris) in Eastern France distinct from sympatric feral domestic cats?
To address the question whether a change in size can be seen in another European carnivore species, the European wildcat Felis silvestris Schreber, 1777, was selected.
Thus the European wildcat might be affected by global warming.
This study addresses the question whether a change in size measured by weight and body length occurred in the European wildcat Felis silvestris silvestris over the last century and with mean annual temperature.
The fairly rich literature on the European wildcat from Central Europe lists some weights for individual wildcats mainly in the late 19th century, starting around 1860 with one reference from 1831 (Lenz 1831).
For several Carnivora and felid species including the European wildcat sexual dimorphism in size and weight is known (e.

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