European Wildcat

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

European Wildcat


(Felis silvestris), a predatory animal of the family Felidae, somewhat larger than the domestic cat. Unlike the domestic cat, however, the European wildcat has fluffy fur, a thin flesh side, and a regular pattern of lateral dark stripes on the sides of the body and on the tail. The body is brownish gray, and the tip of the tail is black; melanics occur.

The European wildcat is distributed in Europe and Asia Minor. In the USSR it lives in Moldavia, the Carpathians, and the Caucasus. It inhabits beech forests, shrubs, and reeds and is a good tree climber. It feeds on rodents and birds, sometimes attacking young roe deer and reindeer. The young (two to six, most often three or four) are born in April or May. The European wildcat has little practical significance; its fur is of little value.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Habitat selection models for European wildcat conservation.--Biol.
The role of snowcover for European wildcat in Switzerland.--Z.
Large-scale genetic census of an elusive carnivore, the European wildcat (Felis s.
Sequences were processed in Geneious 7.1.8 (Biomatters) and compared to our internal cat haplotype database comprising > 3000 control region sequences from European wildcats (<>).
Is survival of European wildcats Felis silvestris in Britain threatened by interbreeding with domestic cats?--Biol.
This study addresses the question whether a change in size measured by weight and body length occurred in the European wildcat Felis silvestris silvestris over the last century and with mean annual temperature.
The fairly rich literature on the European wildcat from Central Europe lists some weights for individual wildcats mainly in the late 19th century, starting around 1860 with one reference from 1831 (Lenz 1831).
For several Carnivora and felid species including the European wildcat sexual dimorphism in size and weight is known (e.g.
Even though there is a substantial amount of literature on the European wildcat from more than a century, it is difficult to get records of weights of individual specimens well spread over a century or more.

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