European Commission

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Related to European commision: European Union, European Council, European Parliament

European Commission

(EC), institution of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the European Community were officially merged; previously, each organization was governed by a separate commission. The commission is composed of 27 members—one from each EU nation, but under the Lisbon Treaty (ratified 2009) its membership will be reduced beginning in 2014. Members are appointed by European Council and serve four-year terms; the commission membership must be approved by the European ParliamentEuropean Parliament,
an institution of the governing body of the European Union (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.
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. One member serves as president and six serve as vice presidents. A large administrative staff, numbering some 25,000, is divided among many committees and administrative agencies. The commission implements the provisions of the EU's governing treaties and carries out legislation enacted by the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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 and the European Parliament.

In keeping with the objective of the founding treaties, the commission initiates EU policy on the economy in particular but, increasingly, also on environmental and foreign and security affairs. The legislation it proposes is subject to amendment and approval by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. It was under the presidency of Jacques DelorsDelors, Jacques
(Jacques Lucien Jean Delors) 1925–, French economist and politician and European statesman, president (1985–95) of the European Commission. Beginning in the 1940s, he held a series of posts in French banking and state planning, eventually becoming
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 (1985–95) that the commission put forward the Single European Act (1987) and the Treaty of European Union (1992; also known as the Maastricht Treaty), both of which provided for a significant expansion of the EU's powers. In 1995, Jacques SanterSanter, Jacques
(Jean Jacques Santer) , 1937–, Luxembourg political leader and European statesman. A lawyer and economist, he entered politics as a member of the Christian Social party in 1965 and later held several ministerial posts, notably finance minister
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 of Belgium became president of the commission. The entire commission resigned in 1999 amid accusations of financial mismanagement, corruption, fraud, and nepotism, and a new set of commissioners, with Romano ProdiProdi, Romano
, 1939–, Italian politician, premier of Italy (1996–98, 2006–8), b. Scandiano. Educated at the Catholic Univ. of Milan (grad. 1961), he is a trained economist and served (1978–79) as Italy's minister for industry; he also was a professor of
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 of Italy as president, was appointed later the same year. In 2004, José Manuel BarrosoBarroso, José Manuel Durão
, 1956–, Portuguese politician, b. Lisbon. A leftist activist while in law school, he became a Social Democrat in 1980 and was first elected to the Portuguese parliament in 1985.
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 succeeded Prodi as president.

References in periodicals archive ?
In September, the European Commision initiated a phase two review of the merger over concerns that deal could restrict competition in the internal market.
However, Putin linked the recent investigation to European debt crisis, blaming some of the European Commision officials in desire to shift internal problems to Russia.
This would grant enhanced powers to the European Commision on fiscal surveillance, including allowing the sanctioning of countries," said Amadeu Altafaj.
The European Commision will propose common standards on the Europe-wide production of shale gas, Energy Commissioner Gunther Oettinger told the Bureau of the European People's Party's (EPP) parliamentary group, meeting on 9 September in Wroclaw, Poland.
European Commision (2010), "Uniting a continent: enlargement", Retrieved from http://europa.
The so-called Co-operation and Verification Mechanism for Bulgaria and Romania must stay in place, suggested the Council of the EU and the European Commision amid criticism of persistingly inadequate anti-crime and anti-corruption practices in the two member states.
In December 2009, the European Commision (EC) approved the reversion of distribution rights in Europe for a product family of animal sedatives to Orion from US pharma giant Pfizer Inc (NYSE: PFE).
Tenants include blue-chip companies such as HBOS, Arup and Regus, and institutions such as the National Assembly for Wales and the Welsh offices of the UK Government and European Commision.
Already in the first hours following the release of the Constitutional Court's decision to go forward with the examination, Turkish stock markets plummeted, the Turkish lira hit a record low toward the dollar, and the European Commision warned that negotiations can't proceed with a country where democracy is not operating as it should.
A CHRISTMAS Party hosted by the European Commision office in Dublin was particularly notable this year.
While the "democratic deficit" in the EC system is a concern, Fitzgerald advises against weakening or "democratizing" the European Commision, or handing its functions over either to the Council of Europe, or to the democratically elected European Parliament (168).
If any of your readers care to examine the map of the European Union, as approved by the unelected European Commission, they will see that the word ``England'' no longer appears because, as far as the European Commision is concerned, England no longer exists and Scotland and Wales are only in existence as regions of the EU and not as independent countries.

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