Eusebius of Caesarea
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|Eusebius of Caesarea|
Bishop, Historian, Theologian
Eusebius of Caesarea(yo͞osē`bēəs, sĕzərē`ə) or
Eusebius Pamphili(păm`fĭlī), c.263–339?, Greek apologist and church historian, b. Palestine. He was bishop of Caesarea, Palestine (314?–339). In the controversy over ArianismArianism
, Christian heresy founded by Arius in the 4th cent. It was one of the most widespread and divisive heresies in the history of Christianity. As a priest in Alexandria, Arius taught (c.
..... Click the link for more information. , Eusebius favored the semi-Arian views of Eusebius of Nicomedia, and he once gave refuge to Arius. A simple baptismal creed submitted by Eusebius at the First Council of Nicaea (325) formed the basis of what became known as the Nicean Creed; it was amended with the Greek word homoousios [consubstantial, of the same substance] to define the Son's relationship with the Father. Eusebius considered this addition to the creed as reflecting the ideas of SabelliusSabellius,
fl. 215, Christian priest and theologian, b. probably Libya or Egypt. He went to Rome, became the leader of those who accepted the doctrine of modalistic monarchianism, and was excommunicated by Pope St. Calixtus I in 220.
..... Click the link for more information. , which he opposed. Although he signed the formulary, he later did not support it. His works include a universal history entitled the Chronicle, the Ecclesiastical History, and the apologetic works Praeparatio Evangelica and Demonstratio Evangelica.
Eusebius of Caesarea
(Eusebius Pamphili). Born between 260 and 265 in Caesarea; died in 338 or 339. Roman church writer and historian.
Eusebius, bishop of Caesarea from the year 311, sought to apply the attainments of ancient learning in the interests of the Christian church. His Church History, which recounts events from the origin of Christianity to 324, contains, along with valuable information, many fanciful traditions. He is also the author of the panegyrical Life ofConstantine, which extols the union of church and state. The authenticity of the extant text of the Life is still under discussion in the literature on the subject.
WORKSKirchengeschichte, 5th ed. Berlin-Leipzig, 1952.
Werke, vols. 1-8. Berlin, 1954.
In Russian translation:
Sochineniia, 2nd ed., vols. 1-2. St. Petersburg, 1850-58.