Eustigmatophyceae

Eustigmatophyceae

[‚yüs·tig‚ma·də′fī·sē·ē]
(botany)
A small class of mostly nonmotile, photosynthetic, unicellular algae in the division Chromophycota, characterized by the unique organization of motile cells, photosynthetic pigments including chlorophyll a, beta-carotene, and violaxanthin, and a single parietal yellow-green chloroplast; live chiefly in fresh water but also in marine and soilhabitats.
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The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of the consumption of n-3 fatty acids extracted from microalgae (Chlorophyceae and Eustigmatophyceae families) either provided as a supplement or incorporated to diet, on the inflammatory markers from two different strains of mice: db/db mice as a model of obesity and diabetes mellitus in which an inflammation state is expected and CD1 mice as a model of optimal state of health without inflammation.
In this study, the unicellular red alga Porphyridium cruentum, which is a member of the Rodophyta, and Nannochloropsis oculata, a marine unicellular alga belonging to the Eustigmatophyceae family, were used as naturel pigment sources.
Moreno-Garrido et al., "Nannochloropsis (Eustigmatophyceae) as source of commercially valuable pigments," Journal of Applied Phycology, vol.
Cohen, "Biosynthesis of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in the freshwater eustigmatophyte Monodus subterraneus (Eustigmatophyceae)," Journal of Phycology, vol.
Nannochloropsis (Eustigmatophyceae) es uno de los generos de microalgas extensamente utilizados en la industria acuicola (Apt & Behrens, 1999).
Esta microalga pertenece a la clase Eustigmatophyceae, que agrupa a las especies que contienen la mayor cantidad de acidos grasos poliinsaturados (PUFAs), especialmente acido eicosapentaenoico (EPA), acido araquidonico (ARA), docosahexaenoico (DHA) de gran importancia en la nutricion de animales marinos, especialmente en el crecimiento y desarrollo de larvas de peces, moluscos y crustaceos (Otero et al., 1997; Brown et al, 1999).
(APM, Cult, Nannochloropsis, Eustigmatophyceae, Quim).
The classes include the Bacillariophyceae, Chrysophyceae, Dictyochophyceae, Eustigmatophyceae, Pedinellophyceae, Phaeophyceae, Prymnesiophyceae, Raphidophyceae, Synurophyceae and Xanthophyceae.
The isolated cyanobacteria Aphanocapsa marina, might be used to feed shrimp larvae of Litopenaeus vannamei as the cyanobacteria Synechococus elongatus, which forms chains of cells, that previously was used with this purpose (Moreno-Perez & Sanchez-Saavedra, 2009), or to feed zooplankton like Brachionus plicatilis, that typically is fed with the Eustigmatophyceae Nannochloropsis oculata (Campa-Avila & Sanchez-Saavedra, 2002).