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(yo͞otrō`pēəs), fl. 4th cent. A.D., Roman historian, a protégé of the emperors Julian and Valens. His Breviarium ab urbe condita (10 books) is a summary of Roman history.


d. 399, consul of East Roman Emperor ArcadiusArcadius
, c.377–408, Roman emperor of the East (395–408), son and successor of Theodosius I. His brother, Honorius, inherited (395) the West. Henceforth the division between the Eastern and Western empires became permanent.
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. A eunuch of the palace, he brought about the marriage (395) of Arcadius and EudoxiaEudoxia
, d. 404, Roman empress of the East (395–404), daughter of a Frankish general and wife of Arcadius. She had a great influence upon her weak husband. She helped bring about the downfall of Eutropius, to whose intrigues she owed her marriage, and the exile of St.
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 and succeeded RufinusRufinus
, d. 395, Roman statesman, minister of Theodosius I and Arcadius. After Theodosius' death (395) he virtually ruled the Eastern Empire for Arcadius, but his attempt to marry his daughter to the young emperor was thwarted by Eutropius (d. 399).
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 as chief minister. He repelled (398) an invasion of Huns and was the first eunuch to be appointed (399) consul. He was hated for his cruelty and avarice; his fall, however, was caused by the enmity of Gaïnas, the leader of the Gothic mercenaries, and Eudoxia. Although at first his life was spared through the influence of St. John Chrysostom, he was later executed.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Year of birth unknown; died circa 370. Roman historian.

Circa 367, at the behest of the emperor Valens, Eutropius wrote a concise ten-volume history of Rome, from its founding to the beginning of the reign of Valentinian I in 364. Eutropius’ work was long used as a textbook. It is of primary value in studying the period of the third and fourth centuries, which is scantily covered in other sources.


In Russian translation:
Sokrashchenie rimskoi istorii do vremen kesarei Valenta i Valentiniana. [Moscow] 1779. (Translated from Latin.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
He told his mother countless stories every night about his school-companions: and what a fine fellow Lyons was, and what a sneak Sniffin was, and how Steel's father actually supplied the meat for the establishment, whereas Golding's mother came in a carriage to fetch him every Saturday, and how Neat had straps to his trowsers--might he have straps?--and how Bull Major was so strong (though only in Eutropius) that it was believed he could lick the Usher, Mr.
But she found the stock unaccountably shrunk down to the few old ones which had been well thumbed,--the Latin Dictionary and Grammar, a Delectus, a torn Eutropius, the well-worn Virgil, Aldrich's Logic, and the exasperating Euclid.
John Chrysostom and even translated his "Sermon on Eutropius" (SD, pp.
If he had a rich source like Ammianus for this period, why did Jordanes borrow heavily from the breviaries of Festus and Eutropius? Moreover, Greek was Ammianus's first language, so he would have recognized Potamus as a common noun and not mistaken it for a river name.
The topics include ghosts of authors past in Claudian's De Bello Gildonico; Lucan in Claudian's In Eutropium: rhetoric, paradox, and exemplarity; Eutropius, Lucan, and the ladies of elegy; and Claudian's engagement with Lucan in his historical and mythological hexameters.
?Red Avenger and Eutropius had an almighty tussle in the final furlong of the mile handicap at Newcastle and the judge failed to separate them.
(102) A series of breviary histories was published in the 360s and 370s by Aurelius Victor, Eutropius, and Festus (see Rohrbacher 2002, 42-63), with whom Ammianus placed his expansive, classicising history in rivalry (Kelly 2008, 240).
Tote Trifecta: PS972.20 4.00: LLANARMON LAD (P Pickard 16-1) 1; Escape To Glory (10-1) 2; Capaill Liath (14-1) 3; Eutropius 3-1f.
(11) On Marius Maximus as a source of the Epitome de Caesaribus and Eutropius, see Barnes 1976:261-63; Birley 1997:2724; Baldwin 1993:82; Bonamente 2003: 100 and 102.
De la Mare also argues for addition to the list "reject leaves for the beginning of a Eutropius found in the bindings of several of Gray's MSS (Balliol MSS 125, fos.