Eutyches


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Eutyches

(yo͞o`tĭkēs), c.378–c.452, archimandrite in Constantinople, sponsor of Eutychianism, the first phase of MonophysitismMonophysitism
[Gr.,=belief in a single nature], a heresy of the 5th and 6th cent., which grew out of a reaction against Nestorianism. It was anticipated by Apollinarianism and was continuous with the principles of Eutyches, whose doctrine had been rejected in 451 at Chalcedon
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. He was the leader in Constantinople of the most violent opponents of NestorianismNestorianism,
Christian heresy that held Jesus to be two distinct persons, closely and inseparably united. In 428, Emperor Theodosius II named an abbot of Antioch, Nestorius (d. 451?), as patriarch of Constantinople.
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, among whom was Dioscurus, successor to St. CyrilCyril, Saint
(Saint Cyril of Alexandria) , d. A.D. 444, patriarch of Alexandria (412–44), Doctor of the Church, known for his animosity toward heretics and heathens. He drove the Jews from Alexandria, and under his rule Hypatia was killed.
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 (d. 444) as patriarch of Alexandria. Whereas Cyril had agreed with the Antiochenes in 433 that Christ had two natures, Eutyches and Dioscurus insisted that Christ's humanity was absorbed in his divinity and that to accept two natures at all was Nestorian. When TheodoretTheodoret
, c.393–c.458, Syrian churchman and theologian. He was a monk of Apamaea and a lifelong friend of Nestorius. In 423 he went unwillingly to be bishop of Cyrus, Syria, where he furthered the work of the church in a difficult see.
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 attacked Eutychianism (447), Dioscurus retaliated by anathematizing him, and Emperor Theodosius IITheodosius II,
401–50, Roman emperor of the East (408–50), son and successor of Arcadius. He preferred the study of theology and astronomy to public affairs, which he left to the guidance of his sister, Pulcheria—and, at times, to that of his wife Eudocia.
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, who was friendly to Eutychianism, confined Theodoret to his diocese (448). But Eutyches was accused of heresy and deposed by a local synod called by St. Flavian, patriarch of Constantinople (Nov., 448). Eutyches appealed to his friends, and Theodosius called a general council to meet at Ephesus, Aug. 1, 449. This, the famous Robber Synod (Latrocinium), was disgraceful from the beginning. Dioscurus presided and disenfranchised most of the clergy inimical to Eutyches. The so-called council reinstated Eutyches, declared him orthodox, and deposed Flavian and Eutyches' accuser, Eusebius of Dorylaeum. Flavian denied the council's authority; the papal legates denounced the council's proceedings. The soldiery, called in by Dioscurus, compelled an affirmative vote; Flavian was severely beaten by members of the so-called synod and died shortly thereafter. The legates barely escaped. Theodoret was deposed. After the death of Theodosius (450) his orthodox successors convened the Council of Chalcedon (see Chalcedon, Council ofChalcedon, Council of,
fourth ecumenical council, convened in 451 by Pulcheria and Marcian, empress and emperor of the East, to settle the scandal of the Robber Synod and to discuss Eutychianism (see Eutyches).
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) to right the wrongs of the Robber Synod, and Eutychianism was ended. Eutyches was deposed and exiled.
References in periodicals archive ?
34) Boece, Contre Eutyches et Nestorius, Prooemium, 67.
11) Eutyches of Constantinople, the chief proponent of what eventually came to be known as the Monophysite heresy, took the Christological position that Christ had only one nature-divine-and that any humanity he seemed to have was fully subsumed within the divine.
Two other sources, Alexandros Eutyches and William of Tyre, can be interpreted as if the fall of Jerusalem took place in 73 AD or laten Eutyches writes about it as following:
First the Council of Ephesis (known in Church history as the "Synod of Robbers" because of its atmosphere of violence and terror) in 449 upheld Eutyches.
Prior to Chalcedon, Leo, writing against Eutyches, stressed the wholeness and distinctness of the two natures and, Macquarrie claims, introduced the problem of the communication of idioms with his statement, "The Word performs what belongs to the Word, the flesh what pertains to the flesh.
At least one other ninth-century Breton book was so associated, a now incomplete copy of the Ars de uerbo by the late Roman grammarian Eutyches bearing on its first page both a famous drawing showing Dunstan at the feel of Christ and a brief Latin poem written by Dunstan himself.
The followers of Eutyches, by contrast, rejected the separation and collapsed the human into the divine.
On the side of the Alexandrines the most explicit deviation was the teaching of Eutyches, who spoke about the total absorption of Christ's humanity by his divinity; as if there were two natures before the incarnation, and one nature afterwards.
After all, Eutyches and Dioscorus were Monophysites, while Nestorius was the diophysite par excellence.
It was not such a union, however, as to destroy the integrity of each nature through absorption--stated in opposition to Leo's understanding of Eutyches.
Gaidioz was never able to complete his study by analysing which of Leo's other letters against Eutyches included in the report transmitted by Gennadius could have been drafted by his aide.
56) Some scholars believe that this text preserves Theodoret's response to Eutyches and the growing chorus of more strident monophysite voices emerging in the years leading up to the Council of Chalcedon.