Eve


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Eve

[Heb.,=life], in the Bible, the first woman, wife of AdamAdam
, [Heb.,=man], in the Bible, the first man. In the Book of Genesis, God creates humankind in his image as a species of male and female, giving them dominion over other life.
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 and the mother of Cain, Abel, and Seth. Fashioned from Adam's rib, she was beguiled by the serpent into eating the forbidden fruit of the tree of knowledge. Eve then tempted Adam to eat, whereupon they were banished from the Garden of Eden. See also LilithLilith
, female demon of Jewish mythology, originally probably the Assyrian storm demon Lilitu. In Talmudic tradition many evil attributes were given to this supposedly nocturnal creature. In Jewish folklore she is a vampirelike child-killer and the symbol of sensual lust.
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.

Eve,

in genetics, popular term for a theoretical female ancestor of all living people, also known as Mitochondrial Eve. In 1987 biochemist Allan C. Wilson proposed that all living human beings had inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from a single woman. Using statistical and computer analysis of mtDNA—which is almost always inherited by a child from the mother—from people of various ethnic groups and assuming a slow, constant rate of genetic mutation, Wilson concluded that the oldest mtDNA was African and that every person's mtDNA stemmed from one woman who lived about 200,000 years ago. (He did not suggest that this woman was the only female ancestor alive 200,000 years ago.)

Critics questioned the appropriateness of the mtDNA samples used in the study and argued that computer analysis of the data was flawed and that Wilson's conclusions were not supported by the fossil record. A further study using more diverse mtDNA samples and supporting Wilson's theory was published in 1991, but other computer analyses of mtDNA samples have indicated that several different "family trees" can be constructed from the same data and that the order in which samples are analyzed by the computer program affects the results.

A 1995 study supported the idea that modern humans originate from a single source by identifying identical stretches of DNA on the Y chromosomes of a sample of men taken from different racial and geographical groups worldwide. This study looked at the zinc finger y, or ZFY, gene, a gene that is passed only from father to son, and concluded that humans evolved from a common ancestor (i.e., a small group) around 270,000 years ago. More recently, Spencer Wells, in The Journey of Man (2002), has argued that all men are descended from a single African man who lived 60,000 years ago. Some researchers have suggested that the most common male ancestor, or Y Chromosome Adam, lived from 50,000 to 150,000 years ago, while other scientists have argued for a more distant ancestry.

Those who argue against the Eve, or "out-of-Africa," hypothesis, are led by Dr. Milford Wolpoff and support an alternate hypothesis known as "regional continuity." It contends that human evolution was a much slower process (covering a million or more years) that occurred simultaneously in many areas of the Old World after the migration of Homo erectus, the species generally recognized as immediately preceding Homo sapiens, from Africa.

Eve

 

(ancient Hebrew, Havah), according to biblical mythology, the wife of Adam, created from his rib by god. She was the first woman and the mother of the human race in Judaic, Christian, and, later, Islamic mythology. According to the legend, at the instigation of the serpent, she tasted and persuaded Adam to taste the “forbidden fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.” For this “sin,” bringing condemnation upon the whole human race, Eve and Adam were driven out of paradise by god.

Eve

in the Bible, the first woman. [O.T.: Genesis 1–5]
See: Firsts

Eve

for disobeying God, would suffer in childbirth. [O.T.: Genesis 3:16]

Eve

Old Testament the first woman; mother of the human race, fashioned by God from the rib of Adam (Genesis 2:18-25)

EVE

References in periodicals archive ?
Operating under section chief Carolyn Martens (Fiona Shaw), Eve begins gathering evidence before defying the advice of her team to put a hit out on herself in the hope of The second series shoots to kill on DVD this week, with Emerald Fennell replacing Phoebe Wallerdvd ..
FEET (2019) THE return of popular ITV comedy drama Cold Feet saw Eve playing Caitlin Henderson - the friend of Karen (Hermione Norris) and the new love interest of Adam (James Nesbitt).
They were meant to be enemies, but looked like they were about to become lovers 'I feel they communicate on a completely different plane,' says Sandra Oh, who won several awards for her performance as Eve in the first run.
The admittedly obnoxious MI6 agent (Edward Bluemel) just wanted to do his job and have a fling with a co-worker on a business trip to Rome even though he knew that Eve was simply using him as a placeholder for the true object of her affection.
Jodie Comer, Killing Eve, BBC1 Keeley Hawes, Bodyguard, BBC1 Ruth Wilson, Mrs Wilson, BBC1 Sandra Oh, Killing Eve, BBC1
MI5 head of security Bill Hargrave (David Haig) and his crime-obsessed assistant Eve Polastri (played to perfection by Golden Globe winner Sandra Oh) are then assigned to provide protection to the only witness to the crime.
Viewers were riveted by the cat-and-mouse story of MI6 officer Eve and psychotic hit woman Villanelle when the BBC drama hit the screens last autumn.
After Jack (Matthew Ashford) died and Eve (Kassie DePaiva) came back to Salem for the first time, the hate she and J.J.
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Similar to Christmas Eve andBoxing Day, supermarkets alter its opening hours to give its staff some time off to enjoy the celebrations.