Martsinovskii, Evgenii Ivanovich
Born Mar. 7(19), 1874, in Mstislavl’, now in Mogilev Oblast; died July 25, 1934, in Moscow. Soviet specialist in infectious diseases, parasitologist, epidemiologist; Honored Scientist of the RSFSR (1934).
In 1899, Martsinovskii graduated from the medical faculty of Moscow University. From 1917 to 1919 he was director of the Central Bacteriological Institute. In 1920 he organized and headed the Tropical Institute (since 1934 the Martsinovskii Institute of Medical Parasitology and Tropical Medicine), which he directed until the end of his life; from 1924 to 1930 he was simultaneously organizer and head of the first independent sub-department of infectious diseases of the Second Moscow State University.
Martsinovskii’s principal works were devoted to parasitology, infectious diseases, epidemiology, and the organization of public health. He studied leishmaniasis, spirochetosis, and carriers of diseases of both man and animals. He devoted many works to the clinical practice and epidemiology of malaria. He laid scientific foundations for the control of malaria in the USSR and for the control of diseases in tropical countries. He was involved in the creation of a broad network of malarial stations; he organized and participated in many expeditions for the control of infectious diseases. He was chairman of the malaria committee of the N. I. Pirogov Society of Russian Physicians (from 1911) and founder (1923) and editor of the journal Russkii zhurnal tropicheskoi meditsiny (since 1932, Meditsinskaia parazitologiia i parazitarnye bolezni).
REFERENCESSokolov, E. I. “Zaslugi E. I. Martsinovskogo v bor’be s infektsionnymi zabolevaniiami v SSSR.” Sovetskaia meditsina, 1959, no. 6.
“Uchenye i prakticheskie deiateli, rabotavshie po organizatsii bor’by s maliariei v SSSR.” Meditsinskaia parazitologiia i parazitarnye bolezni, 1967, vol. 36, no. 5.
M. B. MIRSKII