Shilov, Evgenii Alekseevich
Born July 29 (Aug. 10), 1893, in Serpukhov; died July 22, 1970, in Kiev. Soviet organic chemist. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR (1951; corresponding member, 1945). Member of the CPSU from 1943.
Shilov graduated from Moscow University in 1917. From 1919 to 1947 he worked at the Polytechnical Institute (now the Institute of Chemical Technology) in Ivanovo, where he became a professor in 1936. From 1947 to 1970, he worked at the Institute of Organic Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR in Kiev.
Shilov’s main works are devoted to the study of the mechanism of organic heterolytic reactions, such as halogenation. Shilov is one of the founders of the principle according to which the intermediate stage of a heterolytic reaction is the formation of a tri-molecular activated complex, in many cases, a six-membered cyclic complex.
Shilov was awarded the Order of Lenin, two other orders, and several medals.