Ewald Von Kleist


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kleist, Ewald Von

 

Born Aug. 8,1881, in Braunfels am Lahn; died October 1954. Fascist German field marshal (1943).

Kleist began his army service in 1900 and graduated from a military academy in 1913. He fought in World War I and then served in the cavalry arm of the Reichswehr. In 1938 he was dismissed for holding monarchical convictions but in 1939 was reinstated. He commanded a tank corps during fascist Germany’s attack on Poland in 1939 and France in 1940. In November 1940 he became commander of the First Panzer Group (called the First Panzer Army beginning Oct. 6, 1941), which took part in the fascist aggression against Yugoslavia and Greece in 1941 and in the attack on the USSR in 1941–42. Between Nov. 22, 1942, and Mar. 31, 1944, he was commander of Army Group A in the Northern Caucasus and southern Ukraine. In 1944 he was forced into retirement because of his record of defeats and his disagreement with Hitler’s strategy. At the end of the war he was taken prisoner by the British and, in 1946, handed over as a war criminal to Yugoslavia and then to the USSR. Convicted, he died in confinement.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
** Macedonian and Greek Prime Ministers Zoran Zaev and Aexis Tsipras were honored with the Ewald von Kleist award at the Munich Security conference for their contribution to peace and security in the world and to promoting the principles of the Trans-Atlantic alliance.
In 1963, when Ewald von Kleist invited participants to Munich for the first conference, which Americans fondly call the "Wehrkunde" to this day, the motivating idea was to invite our most important allies to a discussion about the major strategic issues directly affecting Germany and NATO.
Proudly we look back to the beginning of this format and its founder Ewald von Kleist. His vision of an event gathering diplomats, politicians and high ranking military to discuss defence issues during the cold war was unique.
Moscow, Mar 6 (ANI): Ewald von Kleist, the last survivor of the German plot to kill Nazi leader Adolf Hitler during the Second World War, has said that the country's current army is very gentle, and needs to be "placed in a situation where he can handle the horrible things he's likely to experience."
** The Ewald von Kleist Award of the Munich Security Conference this year will be presented to Macedonian and Greek Prime Minister Zoran Zaev and Alexis Tsipras because of the Prespa agreement, said the Greek Service of Deutsche Welle.