Corchorus

(redirected from Ewedu)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Corchorus

 

a genus of plants of the family Tiliaceae. There are up to 40 species growing in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, America, and Australia. Two annual species, Desi jute (Corchorus olitorius) and India jute (C. capsularis), are grown for their fibers. The plants are up to 3.5 m tall with erect, branching stems, taproots, and alternate, ovatelanceolate, dentate leaves with appendages. The flowers are small, bisexual, and yellow, occurring singly or two to three in the leaf axils. The fruit is a ribbed pod; in C. olitorius it is in the form of a silique (5-10 cm long); and in C. capsularis it is almost spherical (1-2 cm). The seeds are small, usually brown, gray, or green. The plant thrives in warm, light, and moist conditions.

The fibers of the jute plant are widely used in making packing materials, furniture, and carpets. The dry jute stem is 20-25 percent fiber. In India, its place of origin, the leaves of the jute plant are used as food. The area of the world’s land used for growing jute in 1970 was more than 2.9 million hectares (ha), and the gross yield of fiber was approximately 3.7 million tons. India and Pakistan send the most jute to the world market. In the USSR varieties of Desi jute (Pervenets Uzbekistana and Uzbekskii 53) are grown in small areas in Middle Asia; the average harvest of dry stems is 95-100. centners per ha. The crop is treated with manure (10-15 tons per ha) and mineral fertilizers (in kg/ha): 90-120 N, 90-12. P2O5, and 60-90 K2O. To obtain fiber, jute is harvested when the first pod forms on 50 percent of the plants. The stalks are bound in sheaves, dried, and sent to fiber factories to be processed.

REFERENCES

Ioffe, R. Ia., and G. A. Pereverzev. “Dzhut.” In the collection Lubianye kul’tury. Edited by S. S. Berlend. Moscow, 1955.
Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1964. Page 459.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Then, put the washed ewedu leaves into a blender with a little warm water and blend.
For a memorable culinary experience, amala is better served hot with gbegiri and ewedu properly mixed together, all in one plate-as is preferred by many who relish this kind of Yoruba delicacy.
'Ewedu is another one that is a good source of fibre, which helps in weight management and may also promote digestive health, especially with bowel movement.
She added that ewedu leaves are high in calcium content which is good for healthy bones and teeth, boosts immune system, lowers blood pressure, cholesterol; good for heart health and in managing diabetes.
In a study, researchers tested the antacid properties of jute leaves (ewedu) in male albino rats with gastric ulcer over a two-week period reduced the stomach acid production in a dose-dependent manner.
Also, in 2016, experts' found that the water extracts of jute leaves (ewedu) and root has an antacid activity which supports the ethnomedicinal claims of the use of the plant in the management of acidity as well as an ulcer.
The study, which includes its pharmacological significance as an antacid, found that the extract of jute leaves (ewedu) and root had 71.33 per cent antacid activity of a drug.
Corchorus olitorius, commonly called jute leaves (ewedu), Ewedu in Yoruba or Ahihara in Igbo language, is reported to be a folk remedy for aches and pains, dysentery, fever, and pectoral pains.
A handful of frozen jute leaves (1/4 pack - ewedu leave)
-serve with ewedu and swallow of your choice, most especially with amala.
Amala is a popular delicacy of the Yorubas in South - West, Nigeria and is usually eaten alongside ewedu. Amala is one of the lightest 'swallows' making it easily digestible.