Georges Dankaye', Armenian Catholic Patriarchal Exarchate
An apostolic exarchate
is created by the Vatican for the pastoral care of Catholics in an area outside the territory of the Eastern Catholic church to which they belong.
Bulgarian territorial-national aspirations upon Macedonia in modern times basically have been derived from two historical events relating to 19th century Bulgarian history: the establishment of the Bulgarian Exarchate
in 1870 by the Ottoman sultan, and the creation of the Great Bulgaria in 1878 according to the "St.
Central to the irredentist drive was the issue of the Bulgarian Exarchate
. What was Russia's position?
The German invasion forced the Soviets to abandon their plans for a major anti-religious campaign and, with the flight of Metropolitan Nikolai from his exarchate
to Moscow, simultaneously opened the possibility for Dionizy to reassert his control over this portion of his former jurisdiction.
"Properties of the Bulgarian Exarchate
in Istanbul are not only of material value.
This is why the people, the individuals identified as citizens (as a subject without a personal mark--identity) are showing a tough resistance to the modern exarchate
(18) As Fr John wrote in his article Orthodox Theology in the Contemporary World (Messenger of the Western-European Patriarchal Exarchate
The Ruthenian bishop of Pittsburgh was invested with jurisdiction over "Catholics of the Greek-Ruthenian rite who have migrated from Podcarpathia to America," while the Ukrainian bishop of Philadelphia was charged with care of "Catholics of the Greek-Ruthenian rite who have migrated from Galicia to America."(11) We find it again at Vatican II: "individual faithful who live outside the area or territory of their own rite."(12) As late as 1982, an exarchate
was established in America for Chaldean Catholics who "having left their own regions, have found a new place to live and work in the welcoming lands of the United States of America."(13) The underlying assumption is that there are specific places where the "Eastern" churches are properly located.
El-Hage, Maronite Patriarchal Exarchate
, Bishop Suheil Dawani, Episcopal Church
The Ottoman government restored the Bulgarian Patriarchate under the name of "Bulgarian Exarchate
" by a decree (firman) of the Sultan promulgated on February 28, 1870.
The country was designated an Exarchate
of the Russian Orthodox Church in 1989, creating the BOC under Patriarchal Exarch Metropolitan Filaret.