Fair Employment Practices Committee

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Fair Employment Practices Committee

(FEPC), established (1941) within the Office of Production Management by executive order of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. It was created to promote the fullest employment of all available persons and to eliminate discriminatory employment practices. President Truman advocated a permanent peacetime FEPC, but the Senate terminated the program in 1946. In 1964 the Equal Employment Opportunity CommissionEqual Employment Opportunity Commission
(EEOC), U.S. agency created in 1964 to end discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in employment and to promote programs to make equal employment opportunity a reality.
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 was created to fight discrimination in employment.


See J. K. Javits, Discrimination: U.S.A. (1960) P. Burstein, Discrimination, Jobs, and Politics (1985).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The national press again understood white miners' refusal to work with African Americans as unpatriotic, as they failed to comply with Executive Order 8802, which prevented discrimination based on race in the national defense program.
Philip Randolph called for a march on Washington to fight for jobs in national defense, the integration of the armed forces, and "the abolition of Jim Crowism in all Government departments and defense employment." In response to Randolph's call, FDR passed Executive Order 8802, creating the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC), which sought to ban discrimination by defense contractors.
Roosevelt signs Executive Order 8802 prohibiting racial discrimination in the national defense industry.
This caused President Roosevelt to issue Executive Order 8802 that established the Fair Employment Practices Commission, and dictated that there would be no racial discrimination in federal projects from then on.
Just the proposal for a march spurred President Roosevelt into action: He signed Executive Order 8802, which banned discrimination in the federal government and defense industries in June 1941.
Roosevelt in 1941 had issued Executive Order 8802, a significant forerunner of the Civil Rights Act that prohibited racial discrimination in the defense industry and in government jobs.
(20.) See Eileen Boris's essay that chronicles the inclusion of women and minorities into the war effort, stemming from President Roosevelt's Executive Order 8802, signed in 1941, and its creation of the Committee on Fair Employment Practice.
In response to widespread protests over discrimination in war industries and the armed services, and a threat of a March on Washington, President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802 on June 25, 1941, banning racial and religious discrimination in war industries, government training programs and government industries.
Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802 that established the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC) during World War II.
Randolph called off the march after President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802, banning discrimination in the defense industry, but the political victory heightened Lee's sense of the possible.
The FDR administration in 1935 did not support passage of an anti-lynching bill and the Fair Employment Practices Committee was not a legislatively approved commission but rather an ad hoc body resulting from President Roosevelt's Executive Order 8802.
Whereupon the president signed Executive Order 8802, a true landmark document prohibiting racial discrimination in the hiring of defense industry workers.

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