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one who carries out the will or plan of another person or of a group. In governmentgovernment,
system of social control under which the right to make laws, and the right to enforce them, is vested in a particular group in society. There are many classifications of government.
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, the term refers not only to the chief administrative officer but to all others who execute the laws and to them as a group. In modern government, the executive also formulates and carries out governmental policies, directs relations with foreign governments, commands the armed forces, approves or disapproves legislative acts, recommends legislation, and in some countries summons and opens the legislature, appoints and dismisses some executive officials, and pardons any but those impeached. Usually the executive may also issue ordinances, often supplementing legislative acts, and may interpret statutes for the guidance of officials. These broad powers depend upon the theory that the state has a juristic personality whose will the government, in its various departments, must perform. The separation of the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government was not only modified in the U.S. ConstitutionConstitution of the United States,
document embodying the fundamental principles upon which the American republic is conducted. Drawn up at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787, the Constitution was signed on Sept.
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 but has been further modified in practice, for the President performs many judicial and legislative functions. State and municipal executives have likewise assumed larger powers. Distinction is sometimes made between executives who decide policies and the administration that carries out the laws and executive orders. In business, executives are those who manage, decide policies, and control the business.


See C. A. Beard, American Government and Politics (1931); H. J. Laski, The American Presidency (1940, repr. 1972); J. M. Burns, Presidential Government (1965); D. B. James, The Contemporary Presidency (1970); L. Crovitz and J. A. Rabkin, ed., The Fettered Presidency: Legal Constraints on the Executive Branch (1989).


a. the branch of government responsible for carrying out laws, decrees, etc.; administration
b. any administration


(operating system)
The command interpreter or shell for an operating system. The term is used especially around mainframes and probably derived from UNIVAC's archaic EXEC 2 and current (in 2000) EXEC 8 operating systems.


(1) See operating system and kernel.

(2) A high-ranking officer in a company. See CEO, CTO and CIO.
References in periodicals archive ?
The extent of working memory deficits associated with Williams syndrome: Exploration of verbal and spatial domains and executively controlled processes.
British playwright-screenwriter Christopher Hampton, known for his works in "Atonement" will adapt the novel for the screen and the series will be jointly executively produced by Sony Pictures TV and Johansson too.
and was interviewed collectively by Mavis Nicholson, Mary Parkinson, Elaine Grand and Judith Chalmers; the programme was produced by Catherine Freeman, executively produced by Diana Potter and directed by David Bellamy.
Usually its thickness is between 5 to 10 cm is executively implemented from top to bottom.
The scheme was not authorised by Commonwealth legislation but was executively implemented with funds drawn from the annual appropriation for ordinary services of government.
5 of "The Raising of America: Early Childhood and the Future of our Nation," a film executively produced by Larry Adelman.
102) Existing innocence commissions have been created legislatively, judicially, and executively.
Under Australian law, the children of refugee parents executively assessed as national security risks can be indefinitely held in administrative detention without effective judicial safeguards.
Richard Gere will make an appearance at the Festival, which opens with his latest movie, Arbitage, executively produced by Saudi Arabian, Mohammed Al Turki.
From the perspective of politics, in view of the same author, (8) the state is the institution with the highest degree of organization and structure in society, the state's specific power being exercised legislatively, executively and judicially.
Though the text of section 5(b)(2) refers only to legislatively formed committees, courts consider the provision applicable to executively formed committees as well.
She stars in Sparkle out in August which she also executively produced.

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