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one who carries out the will or plan of another person or of a group. In governmentgovernment,
system of social control under which the right to make laws, and the right to enforce them, is vested in a particular group in society. There are many classifications of government.
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, the term refers not only to the chief administrative officer but to all others who execute the laws and to them as a group. In modern government, the executive also formulates and carries out governmental policies, directs relations with foreign governments, commands the armed forces, approves or disapproves legislative acts, recommends legislation, and in some countries summons and opens the legislature, appoints and dismisses some executive officials, and pardons any but those impeached. Usually the executive may also issue ordinances, often supplementing legislative acts, and may interpret statutes for the guidance of officials. These broad powers depend upon the theory that the state has a juristic personality whose will the government, in its various departments, must perform. The separation of the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government was not only modified in the U.S. ConstitutionConstitution of the United States,
document embodying the fundamental principles upon which the American republic is conducted. Drawn up at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787, the Constitution was signed on Sept.
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 but has been further modified in practice, for the President performs many judicial and legislative functions. State and municipal executives have likewise assumed larger powers. Distinction is sometimes made between executives who decide policies and the administration that carries out the laws and executive orders. In business, executives are those who manage, decide policies, and control the business.


See C. A. Beard, American Government and Politics (1931); H. J. Laski, The American Presidency (1940, repr. 1972); J. M. Burns, Presidential Government (1965); D. B. James, The Contemporary Presidency (1970); L. Crovitz and J. A. Rabkin, ed., The Fettered Presidency: Legal Constraints on the Executive Branch (1989).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/


a. the branch of government responsible for carrying out laws, decrees, etc.; administration
b. any administration
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(operating system)
The command interpreter or shell for an operating system. The term is used especially around mainframes and probably derived from UNIVAC's archaic EXEC 2 and current (in 2000) EXEC 8 operating systems.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)


(1) See operating system and kernel.

(2) A high-ranking officer in a company. See CEO, CTO and CIO.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
As part of an overall recruitment strategy, health care organizations that hire physician executives from another health care sector can expect significant benefits.
Cushman & Wakefield announced that Tony Marano, a corporate real estate executive who joined the firm in 2003, has been named Chief Executive Officer for the Americas, a newly created position.
By the late 50s, senior financial executives were responsible for the accounting and control of their companies or, in the decentralized model, operating departments.
Statutory definitions of lobbying coalesce around conduct; specifically, conduct that could reasonably influence a legislative or executive agency official.
Many executives also expressed difficulty finding and retaining talented people to become lease administrators.
* July 12-4, AICPA/USC Executive Education: Financial Executives Program.
Christopher was tapped by her employer to attend an executive education program, her options included a program for African-Americans and another focused solely on women.
Wayne Gross is a member of the American Society of Association Executives (ASAE), the Council of Engineering and Scientific Society Executives (CESSE) and the Georgia Society of Association Executives (GSAE).
The training period, when prospective executives are rotated through different worldwide regions, is a critical chance for the company to instill the corporate culture, including, most importantly, its global vision.
Organizations today have a wide array of options for educating their global executives:
He also tends shop as president and chief executive of Horizon Bay Management, Florida's largest senior housing manager, and is an executive board member for the American Seniors Housing Association.

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