Exekias


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Exekias

(ĕksĕk`ēəs), c.555–530 B.C., Greek potter and painter. He worked mainly in the black-figure style. Eleven vases and a series of fifteen plaques have been attributed to him, including an amphora depicting Achilles and Ajax in the midst of a game (Vatican).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Exekias

 

Greek potter and vase painter of the third quarter of the sixth century B.C. Exekias was the most outstanding representative of the late black figure style. His works include painted amphorae, for example, Achilles in Battle With Penthesilea and Memnon With a Negro and Hercules Fighting the Nemean Lion (both housed in the Antiquities Collection, Berlin), as well as Ajax With the Body of Achilles (Glyptothek, Munich). He also made kylikes, including the Nike kylix (Louvre, Paris) and Dionysos Crossing the Sea (Glyptothek, Munich).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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It discusses Ajax in HomerAEs The Iliad, the Epic Cycles, pre-Sophoclean and post-Sophoclean art, and art, poetry, and literature from antiquity to the Romantic period, including works by Sophocles, Exekias, Ovid, Shakespeare, Alexander Pope, John Flaxman, Emily Dickinson, James Joyce, and others.
For instance, adhesive patches from the 1970s on an Archaic Greek vase by Exekias have had to be removed; they were shrinking, thus causing cracks and destabilising the vessel.
Malibu 72.AE.5 has been attributed to the hand of the 'Painter of the Vatican Mourner', a vase-painter associated with Exekias and Group E.
The Archaic passion for contour is a legacy of the black-figure style, epitomized by Exekias. The black figures were essentially silhouettes (dark forms) surrounded by light (the pinkish red reserved clay), and the contour outlined each figure.
But if his attributed output truly reflects the mind and soul of Exekias, then it is hard to resist saluting what appears to be a consistency of decent and dignifying purpose on the artist's part.
(9) With some more recent iconographies too, such as Achilles and Ajax dicing, first represented by Exekias in around 540 BC, the Berlin Painter was one of the last exponents.
That an artist should both explore old themes and pioneer new ones is not in itself surprising--it is a peculiarity of the great black-figure painter Exekias that so much of his iconography was unprecedented.
The black-figure masters of the mid-century, Lydos and Exekias, would capitalize on the effect imparted by a spare setting.
3)--fragmentary, admittedly--painted by Exekias (active c.
These are the only known Exekias vases in private hands.
The prone scheme for the lion fight appears to have been first painted by Exekias, but his version is preserved only in fragments.