exoenzyme

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exoenzyme

[¦ek·sō¦wen‚zīm]
(biochemistry)
An enzyme that functions outside the cell in which it was synthesized.
References in periodicals archive ?
The genus Bacillus constitutes a diverse group of rod-shaped gram-negative bacteria which has the ability to secrete many exoenzymes (Moriarty 1996, 1998).
This biofilm formation factor, associated with the remaining exoenzyme production tests, presents a risk for cultivation, as biofilm formation is also considered an important factor in the pathogenicity of microorganisms, and can be used as an advantage in resisting environmental factors, aside from avoiding cellular and chemical defenses of the hosts immune system (Wakimoto et al.
The lux autoinducer regulates the production of exoenzyme virulence determinants in Erwinia carotovora and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
It is also known that high production of trypsin-like exoenzymes is characteristic of pathogenic forms of fungi [29].
Aeromonas hydrophila is capable of producing several virulence factors, including cytotoxins, enterotoxins, hemagglutinins, and exoenzymes.
The destruction of aggregates may lead to exposure of the inner core of organic substances, facilitating the accessibility of organic substances for microorganisms and exoenzymes, and oxygen diffusion (Six et al.
pelagicus larvae is activated particularly in the early stages of larval development where the probiotics LAB, do secrete a wide range of exoenzymes (Moriarty, 1998).
Cellobiohy-drolases are exoenzymes and hydrolyze crystalline cellulose, which further releases cellobiose.
AMS produced by Bacillus strains can be small molecules, which are structurally rather diverse, including bacteriocin and exoenzymes, like proteases, RNA-degrading enzymes, cell wall lytic enzymes and amylases (Hyronimus et al.
When organic matter reaches the aquatic environment, under anaerobic conditions it tends to be completely degraded by the action of esterase exoenzymes and transformed into inorganic compounds.