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an oral or written retelling of a text, used in general-education schools (primarily elementary schools and the fourth to eighth grades) as one of the main forms of classroom work to develop speech, spelling, and style.
The term “exposition” covers a number of oral and written exercises, from almost literal retelling of a short text to a brief rendering of the contents of an entire work. Making an abridged account of long texts helps pupils form the habit of making outlines and taking lecture notes and is usually employed in the upper grades.
Depending on content, exposition is called a narrative, a description (of natural phenomena or labor processes), a life sketch, or an opinion. It can be used for instruction or for testing.
Texts for exposition are selected from works of fiction, journalism, or popular science; in practical classroom work, they are also based on recordings of dramatic works, film strips, films, and plays.
REFERENCESZakozhurnikova, M. L. Obuchenie izlozheniiu i sochineniiu v nachal’noi shkole, 4th ed. Moscow, 1959.
Tekuchev, A. V. Metodika russkogo iazyka v srednei shkole. Moscow, 1970.
(Russian, ekspositsiia), in literature, the part of the plot (or, in alternative terminology, the “plot scheme”) that logically precedes the development (seePLOT). The exposition sets forth the situation to be developed—the time and place of the action, the cast of characters, and the relationships between the characters—and shapes the reader’s expectations. The exposition may be found at the beginning of the work, or it may be delayed.
in music, the first section, in which the main musical ideas are stated, of the sonata form or fugue. In the sonata form, the exposition contains a first and second theme, which are connected by a bridge (modulating passage), and a closing theme; in some cases the bridge and the closing theme are absent. In the exposition section of the fugue, each of the voices in turn state the theme (or themes).