extreme

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extreme

1. Meteorol of, relating to, or characteristic of a continental climate
2. Maths
a. the first or last term of a series or a proportion
b. a maximum or minimum value of a function
3. Logic the subject or predicate of the conclusion of a syllogism
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

extreme

[ek′strēm]
(climatology)
The highest, and in some cases the lowest, value of a climatic element observed during a given period or during a given month or season of that period; if this is the whole period for which observations are available, it is the absolute extreme.
(mathematics)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in classic literature ?
It is impossible to doubt but that the extreme liberalism of these countries must ultimately lead to good results.
Port Famine expresses by its name the lingering and extreme sufferings of several hundred wretched people, of whom one alone survived to relate their misfortunes.
The latter probably had decayed long since (in which case the grave must have been of extreme antiquity), for I found in another place some smaller heaps beneath which a very few crumbling fragments could yet be distinguished as having belonged to a man.
There was an instant of extreme cold and utter darkness.
Climate extremes, such as hot and cold temperature extremes, drought and heavy precipitation, by themselves, accounted for 18 per cent-43 per cent of these interannual variations in crop yield.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Researchers have demonstrated for the first time that runoff extremes have been dramatically increasing in response to climate and human-induced changes.
Increasing temperatures, more frequent weather extremes and more precipitation are all likely to become more frequent as climate change progresses in the coming years.
However a well marked increase has been seen in Northern Areas, Southern Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan making these regions vulnerable to future extremes. The frequency of extreme minimum temperature events are significantly decreasing in Northern Areas, Southern Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan while rest of the country showed insignificant increase in extreme minimum temperature events.
One mother expresses her desire for a simple Christmas holiday: "The holiday season is a time of extremes: extreme hope, extreme despair; extreme expectations, extreme disappointments.
Meteorologist Tye Parzybok covers weather extremes and their results in the West, presenting rainfall and temperature averages, case histories of sudden and extreme weather results, and insights into the science of forecasting and prediction processes.
SURVIVING THE EXTREMES: A Doctor's Journey to the Limits of Human Endurance KENNETH KAMLER