Extrinsic and Intrinsic

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Extrinsic and Intrinsic


philosophic categories; when considered interdependently, the extrinsic expresses properties of an object, of a phenomenon as a whole, and the means of its interaction with the environment; the intrinsic expresses the structure of the object itself, of the phenomenon itself: its composition, structure, and the relations between its elements. In the process of cognition the extrinsic is usually that which manifests itself directly, that is, the properties and relations of the object which are directly and immediately fixed by the sensory organs and the simplest forms of mental activity. As a rule, the intrinsic is concealed from direct observation. In this sense, the movement of cognition is a movement from the extrinsic to the intrinsic.

In the history of cognition the problem of the extrinsic and intrinsic appears in two forms. First, it is a question of the objective nature of the intrinsic and whether the transition of thought from the extrinsic to the intrinsic has any grounds. Agnosticism considers such a transition arbitrary and holds that the intrinsic itself is merely a purely mental construction. The most consistent refutation of this point of view is provided by dialectical materialism, which holds that the objectivity of the interdependence of the extrinsic and intrinsic is confirmed on the basis of the criterion of practice. Second, the question of the extrinsic and intrinsic arises in explaining the sources of development. Conceptions similar to Lamarckism and its contemporary varieties, so-called creative Darwinism, see the source of development of an organism in its environment, that is, in the extrinsic, in relation to which the intrinsic is a derivative. In contrast to this view, the dialectical conception of development considers this source to be in the intrinsic and in the specificity of its interaction with the extrinsic.


Spirkin, A. G. Kurs marksistskoi filosofii, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1966. Chapter 6.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
We used the Life Aspirations Index, previously translated and used in the Spanish population (Romero et al., 2012), to evaluate the importance given by the adolescents to extrinsic and intrinsic aspirations.
It is influenced by external as well as internal factors, which are known as extrinsic and intrinsic motivations respectively.
In order to determine the cause of teeth staining, it's important to understand extrinsic and intrinsic staining.
"Then there is transcendent motivation -- a kind of motivation that is often excluded in the traditional dualistic distinction between extrinsic and intrinsic motivation."
Allport presented two different dimensions of religiosity, which are extrinsic and intrinsic religiosity.
Thus, this study confirms that employees' motivation to undertake entrepreneurship, including the extrinsic and intrinsic aspects, are very important to stimulate innovative behavior among UNITEN KSHAS employees.
The influence of extrinsic and intrinsic motivation on long term performance of employees has been explored by various scholars (Deci, Koestner, and Ryan, 1999; Kreps, 1997; Lin, 2007).
Thus the focus of the study was on the extrinsic and intrinsic motivation of the students and its effects on the academic performance of the students.
Exploratory factor analysis was performed to test the presence of Extrinsic and Intrinsic dimensions of the Religious Orientation Scale.
Hirsch, "How Endogenous Motivations Influence User Intentions: Beyond the Dichotomy of Extrinsic and Intrinsic User Motivations" Journal of Management Information Systems 25(1)(2008): 267-99.
According to self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985; Deci, Vallerand, Pelletier, & Ryan, 1991), individuals' behavior is driven by different levels of self-determined motivation that encompasses extrinsic and intrinsic motivation.