witness

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witness:

see evidenceevidence,
in law, material submitted to a judge or a judicial body to resolve disputed questions of fact. The rules discussed in this article were developed in England for use in jury trials.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Witness

 

in law, a person summoned by a court or investigating authority to give testimony concerning circumstances that are known to the person and are important for resolving a criminal or civil case. In Soviet law, a witness may be any person, with certain exceptions, regardless of age or relationship—family or other—to persons involved in a case. The exceptions include defendants in criminal cases, representatives in civil cases, and people who for mental or physical reasons are unable to perceive the facts or give accurate testimony. The accused may not be questioned as a witness on the circumstances surrounding the act for which he or his accomplices are accused. A witness cannot be replaced and is not subject to challenge.

A witness must appear when summoned and must given complete and truthful testimony. Failure to appear without good reason can result in a fine or compulsory appearance. A witness is criminally responsible for giving deliberately false testimony, for refusing to answer, or for giving evasive answers. He has the right to give testimony in his native language, and at a pretrial investigation he may look over the report of his questioning and request corrections and supplements. A witness may also request an appeal of the actions of an investigator. A witness summoned to testify continues to receive his normal wages and is compensated for traveling expenses and lodging.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Witness

cranes of Ibycus
called on by the dying poet to bear witness, the birds lead to the murderers’ conviction. [Gk. Myth.: NCE, 1307]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

witness

1. a person or thing giving or serving as evidence
2. a person who testifies, esp in a court of law, to events or facts within his own knowledge
3. a person who attests to the genuineness of a document, signature, etc., by adding his own signature
4. bear witness
a. to give written or oral testimony
b. to be evidence or proof of
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The suspects Zubair and Rehman lawyer asked the eye-witness that, why he recorded his statement so late
Eye-witnesses, who spoke separately to Nigerian Tribune late Tuesday, said it all started when the lady, who was a kerosene seller, wanted to test the content of her consignment in order to convince her customer that the product was kerosene.
A survey carried out by a former Leeds University geophysicist was also revealed, showing the possibility of aircraft buried on a site indicated by all eye-witnesses.
The eye-witness spoke of his horror at watching the pounds 43million raid unfold at London's Mayfair store Graff last week.
Eye-witness Kyle Davies, aged 18, from Longford, said: "I saw the helicopter and thought, 'I'm gonna follow that'.
But she stressed David's desperate plight will be aired in the form of eye-witness accounts and radio conversation.
In the face of a despicable trend of Holocaust denial in some quarters of the western world, it is personal eye-witness testimonies like that of Marcel Jabelot that will stand like a beacon against the return of European anti-Semitic fascism.
The young soldier was to ultimately meet his death in the war (a vivid account was provided in a post-war exchange of eye-witness statements) but his memory is preserved with an impeccable scholarship within the pages of A Civil War Soldier Of Christ And Country.
One eye-witness, who didn't want to be named, watched the sequence of events from his house in Watson Road, Llandaff North, Cardiff.
Tune in to Eye-witness Teen/Kids News, a newscast run by teens (weeklyreader.com/kids has listings).
"I saw a lot of smoke," an eye-witness told The New York Times, "people running all over, crying."
War Letters is a collection of the intimate thoughts, eye-witness accounts, and combat tales written home by American soldiers: some 200 letters in all, from the Civil War down to a few representing the Gulf War, Somalia and Bosnia.