Eyjafjallajökull

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Eyjafjallajökull

(ā`yäfyätläyö'kŭtl), glacier, S Iceland, near the coast. Roughly 39 sq mi (100 sq km) in area, it covers an active volcano, 5,466 ft (1,666 m) high, also known by the same name; the volcano's caldera is roughly 1.2–1.6 mi (2–2.5 km) in diameter. Eyjafjallajökull last erupted in 1821–3; its eruptions are known for preceding those of the much larger KatlaKatla,
volcano, 4,961 ft (1,512 m) high, SW Iceland. One of Iceland's most active volcanoes, it is partly buried under the Mýrdalsjökull glacier, which covers its eruptive vents.
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 to the east. In 2010 the volcano began erupting again; ash from the eruption posed a hazard to air travel, causing disruption across much of Europe for a time.
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In 2010, Eyjafjallajokull's eruption engulfed Europe with dense ash clouds stranding international air for weeks on an end.
'In 2010, when Eyjafjallajokull erupted people were really shocked--it seemed to come completely out of the blue,' says Dr Graeme Swindles, Associate Professor of Earth System Dynamics in the School of Geography at Leeds.
Bardarbunga is in a different range to Eyjafjallajokull.
In related work, Albino has studied possible links between Katla and the neighboring volcano Eyjafjallajokull, whose 2010 eruption temporarily closed European airspace.
It is located west of Iceland's southeast volcanic rift-zone, close to the Eyjafjallajokull volcano, which erupted last year and emitted a massive ash cloud that spread across Europe and forced the cancellation of thousands of airline flights a day.
Dubai This year's eruptions in Iceland's Grimsvoetn volcano will not hurt airline revenues to the same extent as last year, according to the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which estimated revenue losses of $1.8 billion (Dh6.6 billion) last year following the Eyjafjallajokull volcano eruption.
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) gave assurances that methods of coping with a possible ash crisis were quite different from those last year when ash from the Eyjafjallajokull volcano caused airspace shutdowns and numerous flight cancellations.
Trans-Atlantic flights were being diverted away from Iceland, and there was no sign yet that the eruption would cause the widespread travel disruption triggered last year by ash from the Eyjafjallajokull volcano.
But Mr Hammond and the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) stressed that the UK was in a much better position to deal with the latest problem than it was last year when the eruption of Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull caused the closure of airspace and the cancellation of thousands of flights.
Experts have said it will probably not cause the same kind of disruption as when Eyjafjallajokull erupted last April, grounding European airlines for days, as its eruptions tend to be smaller and the particles from it less likely to disperse so far into the atmosphere.
When Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull volcano blew its top last April, it produced an ash cloud that shot more than 9 kilometers (5.6 miles) into the sky.
The images brought back memories of Eyjafjallajokull earlier in the year, an eruption that fortunately did not have the same magnitude in terms of loss of lives, but will be remembered for a lot longer for bringing European air travel to a standstill.