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In Near Eastern architecture, a large porch or hall with a pointed barrel vault, as in the Sassanian palace at Ctesiphon and many later Islamic structures where it served as an entrance.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



In Middle Asian dwellings, mosques, and so on, a terrace with a flat roof supported by columns or pillars.

(2) A spacious vaulted building which opens onto an interior court on one side. In Parthian and Sassanid architecture the iwans served as reception halls in palaces—for example, the Kukhe-Khodzha Palace on the territory of what is now Iran, and the Sassanid Ctesiphon Palace on the territory of what is now Iraq. In the Middle Ages they were widely used in palace and cult architecture of the Middle and Near East—for example, in the mosques of Isfahan, the palace in Sarvestan (Iran), and the mosques of Bukhara (Uzbekistan), Herat (Afghanistan), and many others.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A large vaulted hall having one side open to a court; prevalent in Parthian, Sassanian, and Muslim architecture.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The event will be held in Eyvan Shams hall and cultural center located in the beginning of Kurdistan highway on Fatemi St., Golha Square, at prayer room of socio-cultural deputy of Tehran Municipality; the session will start with Maghreb prayers at 18 and will last until about 20:30 each night.
Her cephede bedesteninin icine girisi saglayan birer adet eyvan seklinde olusturulmus sivri tonozlu kapi bulunmaktadir.
Sogukluk bolumunde sicaklik bolumune girisi saglayan eyvan haric diger eyvanlarda ucer adet kurna bulunmaktadir.
Batida yukarida zikredilen dukkanlarin arasinda yer alan ve arastanin icerisine girisi saglayan kapi hafif sivri bir tonozla ortulmus eyvan bicimindedir.