Fès, Treaty of 1912

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fès, Treaty of (1912)


an agreement establishing a French protectorate in Morocco. The treaty was signed in the city of Fès (Fez) on March 30 by the sultan of Morocco, Abd al-Hafidh, and the representative of the French government, Regnault. Although the sultan remained the nominal head of state, a French resident-general was appointed, who exercised supreme power. Morocco’s foreign policy was henceforth to be dictated by France. Under the treaty, France was obliged to enter into negotiations with Spain concerning Spain’s interests in Morocco. (On Nov. 27, 1912, a Franco-Spanish agreement was signed, under which a small part of Moroccan territory passed to Spain.) The treaty also provided for the preservation of a special administration for Tangier.

The national liberation struggle of the Moroccan people led to the signing, on Mar. 2, 1956, of a joint French and Moroccan declaration that proclaimed the independence of Morocco and abrogated the Treaty of Fès.


Traités, codes et lois du Maroc, vol. 1. Edited by L. Rivière. Paris [1924], Page 121.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.