Filippo Tommaso Marinetti

(redirected from F. T. Marinetti)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso

 

Born Dec. 22, 1876, in Alexandria, Egypt; died Dec. 2, 1944, in Bellagio. Italian writer. Founder and theoretician of futurism in European literature and art.

Marinetti began as a poet of free verse, for example his narrative poem The Conquest of the Stars (1902). In 1909 he published the Manifesto of Futurism, the first such document to proclaim an avant-garde aesthetic program that contained a number of reactionary ideas, such as the liberation from the “dead culture” of the past and from humanist ideals, and that promoted the creation of a “dynamic literature of the future” celebrating machine technology and glorifying war as the “only [means of] world hygiene.”

Marinetti organized futurist groups among nationalistic young people and traveled abroad giving propaganda lectures (he made trips to Russia in 1910 and 1914). He extolled colonial expansion in Africa in his poetry and prose, for example, in the novel Mafarka the Futurist (1910; Russian translation, 1916). In the collection of poems Zang-tumb-tuum (1914), a futuristic montage of disconnected printed lines and mathematical and telegraphic symbols, Marinetti glorified the Italo-Turkish war. He agitated for Italy’s entry into World War I and fought in the war as a volunteer. In 1919, Marinetti became an adherent of Mussolini and proclaimed the kindred nature of Italian futurism and fascism.

WORKS

Les Mots en liberte futuristes. Milan, 1919.
Teatro, vols. 1-3. Rome [I960].
Teoria e invenzione futurista .… [Verona] 1968.
In Russian translation:
Futurizm. [St. Petersburg, 1914.]
Manifesty ital’ianskogo futurizma. Moscow, 1914.

REFERENCES

Lunacharskii, A. V. “Futuristy: Sverkhskul’ptor i sverkhpoet.” Sobr. soch. v 8 tomakh, vol. 5. Moscow, 1965.
Altomarre, L. Incontri con Marinetti e il futurismo. Rome [1954].

Z. M. POTAPOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(6) Ramon Gomez de la Serna, "Proclama Futurista a los Espanoles, por F. T. Marinetti, Escrita Expresamente para 'PROMETEO'" ["Futurist Proclamation to the Spanish, by F.
"Back to the Future: Temporal Ambivalences in F. T. Marinetti's Writings." Italian Modernism.
A detailed chronicle of the days 22-27 October, divided by dates, can be found in 36 loose sheets which have been published in 1997 in an article entitled "36 pagine dimenticate e inedite del diario di guerra di F. T. Marinetti." (6) My examination of the manuscripts led me to hypothesize that they consist of a subsequent rewriting of the 1915 notebooks, a fair copy carefully written at a desk (Bragato), and I therefore will treat them as a fragment of a subsequent version (possibly a more comprehensive fair copy) of Marinetti's notebooks.
The other centenary show to foreground Futurist print media was "F. T. Marinetti = Futurismo," curated by Luigi Sansone at the Fondazione Stelline in Milan.
(5) According to Giovanni Lista, the Anthologie-Revue was financed by Ernesta Stern, an Italian Triestine noblewoman and Parisian resident (she had married a French aristocrat) in whose literary salon on the Faubourg Saint-Honore Marinetti would meet "Paul Fort, Edouard Schure and many other intellectuals, poets and artists enamoured of Italy" (F. T. Marinetti 25).
4 I Poeti Futuristi, con un proclama di F. T. Marinetti e uno studio sul Verso libero di Paolo Buzzi (Milan: Edizioni Futuriste di "Poesia".
Among the four Italian writers are F. T. Marinetti, Milo de Angelis, Rosita Copioli, and Alfredo Giuliani.
(3) F. T. Marinetti, "Manifesto tecnico della letteratura futurista," Teoria e invenzione futurista (hereafter TFI), ed.
F. T. Marinetti, volontario." Domenica del corriere [Milano].
(3) Even in this private moment, it is not difficult to discern in Marinetti the author of the poems of La Conquete des etoiles (1902), Destruction (1904), or La Ville Charnelle (1908), where the great Symbolist theme of the transcendental quest for freedom from the shackles of material reality is recast in terms of a cosmic agon among the forces of nature--the sun, the moon, the stars, the sea--in a characteristically elaborate language rightly described by Giovanni Lista as in "a state of permanent exaltation" (F. T. Marinetti 34).
ON JANUARY 4, 1931, under the drastic headline "Assails Macaroni as Bane of Italy," the New York Times spelled out the consequences of the gastronomic revolution proposed by F. T. Marinetti in his "Manifesto of Futurist Cooking," which had just appeared in Turin's Gazzetta del Popolo and caused a stir around the world.